Architecture and Ornament (1998)

Glossary

Aaron’s rod
abacus
abutment
acanthus
accolade
accordion door
accordion window
acorn
acropodium
acroterion
aedicule
affronted
air brick
American bond
amphiprostyle
anchor
ancon
angle bead
angle capital
angle shaft
annulet
anta
antefix
anthemion
anthemion band
anthemion molding
antis
apron
apron molding
Arabesque
Arabic arch
arcade
arch
arch brick
architrave
archivolt
archway
arrow slit
arrowhead
ashlar
astylar
asymmetrical gable roof
atlas
attached column
attenuated
attic
awning
awning window
bagnette
balconette
balcony
ball flower
balloon framing
baluster
balustrade
band
band course
banded
banded column
banded pilaster
banister
barbican
bargeboard
barrel roof
barrel vault
bartizan
base
base course
base molding
base shoe
baseboard
basement
basketweave
batten
batten door
battered
battled
battlement
bay
bay leaf garland
bay window
bead
bead and quirk
bead and reel
bead molding
bead stop
beaded edge siding
beaded joint
beakhead
beam
bearing wall
bed
bed joint
belfry
bell arch
bell canopy
bell capital
bell cote
bell flower
bell gable
bell roof
bell tower
belt course
belvedere
bevel
bevel siding
beveled
bezant
bifold door
billet
bird’s beak
blank
blind
blind arcade
blind tracery
block bond
block corner transom
block modillion
blocked
blocked column
blocked pilaster
blunt arch
board and batten
bolection molding
bond
boss
bottom rail
bouquet
bow window
bowed
bowed dormer
bowtell
box head window
box stair
boxed eaves
brace molding
bracing
bracket
brattishing
brick
brickwork
broach
broken coursed
broken pediment
bucrane
bucranium
bulkhead
bullnose
bullnose brick
butt edge siding
butt joint
buttress
cable molding
came
campanile
canephora
cap
cap course
capital
captain’s walk
cartouche
caryatid
case
casement
casing
castellated
caulicole
cavetto molding
chain molding
chair rail
chamfer
checkerboard bond
cheek
cherub
chevron molding
Chicago window
chimney
chimney cap
chimney hood
chimney pot
chisel shingles
cinquefoil
circular arch
circular stair
clapboard
Classical
classroom window
clip bond
clipped gable
clock tower
cloistered vault
closed balustrade
closed eaves
closed gable
closed string
closed string stair
closer
clustered column
clustered pier
coffer
coffering
collar beam
collar joint
colonette
colonnade
colonnette
colossal column
colossal order
column
columnar
columniation
common bond
composite
compound dome
concave joint
conical roof
console
continuous sill
continuous stud
coping
corbel arch
corbel table
cored brick
Corinthian
corner bead
corner board
cornerstone
cornice
cornucopia
corrugated metal
coupled
course
coursed
cove shingles
coved vault
crenel
crenellated
crepidoma
crest
cresting
cricket
crocket
crocket capital
cross
cross bond
cross gable
cross vault
crown
crown molding
crowstep
crowstep gable
cruciform
cupola
curb
curtail step
curtain wall
cushion capital
cusp
cusped arch
cut stone
cyma recta
cyma reversa
dado
dagger
dart
decastyle
dentil
depressed arch
detail
diagonal bond
diagonal rib
diamond point
diamond shingles
diamond-point rustication
diaper
die
diminished arch
Diocletian window
dipteral
discharging arch
distyle
distyle in antis
dodecastyle
dogleg stair
dogtooth
dome
dome skylight
domical
door
Doric
dormer
double door
double keystone
double lancet window
double pocket doors
double return stair
double stair
double vault
double-acting door
double-hung sash window
double-hung window
dovetail
downspout
draft
drip
drip molding
dripstone
drop
drop arch
drop ornament
drop siding
drop window
drum
Dutch door
Dutch gable
Dutch gambrel
dwarf
ear
eaves
eaves fascia
eaves wall
eaves wall exterior chimney
echinus
edge roll
egg and dart
egg and leaf
eight-over-eight
elbow
elevation
elliptical arch
elliptical arched door
elliptical arched window
elliptical stair
elliptical vault
embattled
embattlement
embrasure
enclosed stair
end wall chimney
endiaper
engaged
engaged column
English bond
enneastyle
enscarpus
entablature
entwined
entwined column
equilateral arch
escroll
expanding vault
exposed rafters
extrados
eye
eyebrow
facade
face
facia
facing
false arch
false window
fan vault
fanlight
fascia
festoon
fielded panel
fieldstone
fill
fillet
finial
finish floor
fish scale
fixed window
flank
flared
flared dome
flared dormer
flared roof
flashing
flat
flat arch
flat dormer
flat headed window
flat roof
flat skylight
fleche
Flemish bond
Flemish cross bond
fleur-de-lis
fleuron
Florentine arch
flowing tracery
flush
flush bead
flush bead molding
flush door
flush joint
flush siding
flute
fluted
fluting
flying bond
flying buttress
foil
foilate capital
foiled
foiled arch
folding door
folding window
foliage
foliate
foliate head
foliated
footing
fortified
foundation
four-centered arch
four-over-one
fractable
frame
frame construction
framing
freestanding
French doors
fret
fretwork
frieze
gable
gable end
gable end exterior chimney
gable roof
gable vent
gable wall
gableboard
gabled dormer
gabled roof
gadrooning
galleting
gambrel roof
garden bond
gargoyle
garland
gate
gauged arch
gauged brick
geometrical stair
giant column
giant order
girder
girt
glass door
glazed
gooseneck
Gothic arch
grade
grating
Greek cross
griffin
grille
groin
groin vault
grouped
gryphon
guilloche
gutta
gutter
half brick
half circle shingle
half column
half door
half figure
half story
half timbering
half-round
half-round dormer
handrail
handrail scroll
hanging gutter
hanging stile
hatch
haunch
head
head joint
header
header bond
header course
heart and dart
helix
helm roof
hemispherical dome
heptastyle
herm
Hermes
herringbone
herringbone bond
hexagonal shingles
hexastyle
hip
hip and valley roof
hip knob
hip roof
hipped end
hipped gable
hipped roof
hollow chamfer
hollow square molding
honeycomb
honeysuckle ornament
hood
hood molding
hopper window
horizontal pivot window
horizontal shingles
horseshoe arch
hung sash
imbricate
imbrication
impost
in antis
incised
indented molding
Indian arch
inscribed
inscription
inset dormer
inside stop
intercolumniation
interlace
interlace capital
interlacing arcade
intermediate cornice
intermediate rib
internal dormer
interrupted arch molding
interrupted pediment
intersecting arcade
intrados
Ionic
Islamic arch
ivy
jack arch
jalousie window
jamb
jamb shaft
jerkinhead
jerkinhead roof
joint
joist
jumbo brick
key
keystone
king closer
king post
kneeler
label
label stop
labryinth fret
lacunar
ladder
lamb’s tongue
lancet
lancet arch
lancet window
landing
lantern
lath
Latin cross
lattice
lattice molding
latticework
leaded glass
leaded light
leaded window
leaf and dart
lean-to
ledgement
ledger
lierne rib
lierne vault
light
light arrangement
lily
linen panel
lintel
lintel course
lock rail
locking rail
lotus
lotus capital
louver
louvered
louvered door
louvered shutter
lozenge
lozenge fret
lozenge molding
lucarne
lucerne
lunette
Mansard
mansard roof
margent
margin
mascaron
mask
masonry
masonry veneer
Mayan arch
meander
medallion
medallion molding
meeting rail
merlon
metope
mid-wall column
mission tile
modillion
molded
molded brick
molding
monitor roof
monopteral
monopteron
Moorish arch
mouchette
mullion
multifoil
multilight
multipane
munnion
muntin
mutule
nailhead
nailhead molding
nebule molding
neck
necking
needle spire
newel
newel post
newel stair
niche
nogging
Norman brick
nosing
nulling
obelisk
octagonal dome
octagonal shingles
octagonal window
octastyle
oculus
ogee
ogee arch
ogee gutter
ogee molding
ogee window
one-centered arch
one-over-one window
one-third running bond
onion dome
open bed pediment
open eaves
open gable
open heart molding
open newel stair
open riser stair
open string
order
oriel
ornament
ornamental bond
ornamental brickwork
oval window
overdoor
overhang
overhead door
oversize
ovolo
ox eye window
paired
Palladian window
palm capital
palmette
pane
panel
paneled
paneled door
paneled shutter
pantile
parabolic arch
parallel faced siding
parapet
parapet wall
parastas
partition wall
party wall
patera
patterned brickwork
pavilion
pavilion roof
peak
pearl
pearl molding
pearling
pedestal
pediment
pedimented
pellet molding
pendant
pendentive
pent roof
pentastyle
perforated bond
peripteral
picture molding
pier
pilaster
pillar
pilotis
pinnacle
pitch
pitched roof
pivot window
pivoting door
placage
plain shingle
plait
plate tracery
platform framing
plinth
plinth block
pocket doors
podium
pointed arch
pointed arch window
pointed dome
pointed vault
polygonal fieldstone
polygonal hip roof
pomel
pommel
poppy
poppyhead
porch
portal
portcullis
portico
post
prismatic billet molding
pronaos
prostyle
protomai capital
protome
pseudodipteral
pulvinus
purlin
putto
pyramid skylight
pyramidal roof
quadripartite vault
quarry glass
quarry-faced
quarter hollow
quarter round
quarter round window
quatrefoil
Queen Anne arch
Queen Anne sash
Queen Anne window
queen closer
queen post truss
quirk
quoin
quoining
rafter
rail
rainbow roof
raised basement
raised panel
rake
raked joint
raking arch
raking bond
raking cornice
raking vault
ramp
rampant arch
rampant vault
rampart
random coursed
reed
reed and tie molding
reeding
regula
regular coursed
relieving arch
retaining wall
reticulated
return
reveal
revolving door
rib
ribbed vault
ribbon
ribbon strip
ridge
ridge beam
ridge chimney
ridge ornament
ridge rib
ridge skylight
ridge vent
rinceau
rise
riser
rock-faced
roll and fillet molding
roll billet molding
rolling door
Roman brick
Roman Ionic
rondel
roof
rope molding
rose molding
rosette
rotunda
rough-faced
roughly coursed fieldstone
round arch
round arched
round billet molding
round headed
round shingles
roundel
row house
rowlock
rowlock arch
running bond
running dog
running mold
running ornament
rusticated
rusticated column
rusticated pilaster
rustication
saddle
sailor
saltbox
sash
sash door
sash window
saucer dome
sawtooth molding
sawtooth roof
sawtooth shingles
scale ornament
scallop
scalloped capital
scored
scotia
screen door
scroll
scrolled pediment
scrollwork
sealant
segmental
segmental arch
segmental arched
segmental billet molding
segmental pediment
segmental shingles
segmental vault
segmentally arched
semicircular arch
semicircular dome
semicircular vault
Serlian motif
serlian window
serliana
setback
sexpartite vault
shaft
shake
shaped gable
sheathing
shed dormer
shed roof
shell
shiner
shingle
shiplap joint
shopfront
shoulder
shouldered
shouldered arch
shouldered window
show window
shutter
side gabled
sidelight
siding
signband
sill
sill course
single pane window
single pocket door
single-pitch roof
single-pitch skylight
six-over-one
six-over-six
skirt
skylight
slab
sliding door
sliding sash
sliding window
slit window
slope chimney
snow bird
snow guard
soffit
soffit vent
soldier
soldier arch
soldier course
sole plate
Solomonic column
span
spandrel
spandrel panel
Spanish tile
Sphinx
spider web fanlight
spindle
spiral column
spiral fluting
spiral stair
spire
spirelet
splash block
splay
splayed
splayed arch
splayed jamb
springer
springing line
sprung molding
spur
square billet
square dome skylight
square headed window
square shingles
square wave shingles
squinch
stable door
stack bond
staggered shingles
stained glass window
stair
stair tower
staircase
stairwell
standard brick
standing seam
star molding
steeple
step
stepped arch
stepped dome
stepped gable
stepped voussoir
stickwork
stile
stilted arch
stilted dome
stilted vault
stonework
stool
stoop
stop
stopped flute
storefront
storm door
storm window
story
straight arch
straight run stair
strap ornament
strapwork
stretcher
stretcher bond
stretcher course
striated
striking stile
string
stringcourse
stringer
struck joint
struck molding
stucco
stud
stylobate
subfloor
subsill
summer beam
sunburst
sunk
sunk fillet
sunk molding
sunk panel
supercolumniation
superimposed
superposed
surbase
surround
swag
swan’s neck pediment
swing door
Syrian arch
tablet
tablet flower
taenia
telamon
temple
tenia
term
terminal figure
tetrastyle
three-centered arch
three-pointed arch
three-quarter brick
three-quarter round
threshold
through-cornice dormer
tie beam
tie iron
tile
tongue and groove
tooled
tooth
tooth ornament
toothed ornament
top plate
top rail
torus
tower
tracery
transom
transom bar
transom light
transom window
transverse rib
trap door
tread
trefoil
trefoil arch
trellis molding
triangular arch
triglyph
trim
tripartite
tripteral
truss
Tudor arch
tumbled brick
tunnel vault
turbine vent
turned
turret
Tuscan
twisted column
two-centered arch
tympanum
uncoursed
undercut door
underlayment
underpitch vault
undulate band
undulating molding
urn
utility window
valley
valley rafter
vane
vault
vault skylight
vaulted
veneer
Venetian arch
Venetian door
Venetian window
vent
ventilating brick
venting skylight
vergeboard
vermiculated
vertebrate band
vertical pivot window
vertical point window
vinette
vision light door
Vitruvian scroll
Vitruvian wave
volute
voussoir
V-shaped joint
wainscot
wall
wall arcade
wall dormer
wall rib
wall string
water leaf
water table
wave molding
weather struck joint
weather vane
weatherboard
weathered joint
well
Welsh vault
whaleback roof
wheel tracery
wheel window
wicket
widow’s walk
winder
winding stair
window
window stop
wraparound porch
wreath
wreathed column
zigzag
zigzag bond
zigzag molding
zoophoric

 

Sources Cited

Maliszewski-Pickart, Margaret. Architecture and Ornament. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, 1998.