Understanding Architecture (1993)

Glossary
abacus
abbey
acanthus
acropolis
aedicule
aggregate
agora
aisle
ambulatory
amphitheater
annular vault
anta
apse
aqueduct
arcade
arch
architecture parlent
architrave
arcuated
arris
ashlar
atelier
atrium
attic
axis
axonometric projection
bailey
balloon frame
baluster
balustrade
baptistery
barrel vault
base
basilica
batter
battlement
bay
blind arch
boss
bouleuterion
boulevard
bracket
buttress
caisson foundation
cantaliver
cantilever
capital
cardo
cartouche
caryatid
castellated
castrum
catacomb
cathedral
causeway
cella
cement
cenotaph
centering
central plan
centuriation
chamfer
chancel
chapel
chevet
choir
church
circus
classic
Classical
Classicism
clerestory
cloister
cloister vault
coffer
colonnade
colonnette
column
composite order
compression
concrete
console
corbel
Corinthian order
cornice
corps de logis
crennelation
crocket
cromlech
crossing
cross-in-square plan
crypt
cupola
curtain wall
Cyclopean
dentil
dependency
diaphragm arch
dolmen
dome
donjon
Doric order
dormer
drum
dry masonry
duomo
echinus
Eclecticism
egg and dart
elevation
engaged column
entablature
entasis
epistyle
esplanade
estipite
exedra
facade
fenestration
fillet
finial
fireproof construction
flute
flying buttress
folly
forum
foundation
frame
fresco
frieze
gable
gable roof
gallery
gambrel roof
gargoyle
glacis
golden section
Greek cross
groin
groin vault
hall church
hammerbeam
henge
heroum
hexastyle
historicism
hôtel
hypocaust
hypostyle
impost
in antis
insula
intercolumniation
Ionic
isometric projection
jamb
keep
keystone
Lady Chapel
lancet
lantern
Latin cross
lierne
lintel
loggia
lunette
machicolation
mansard roof
martyrium
mass
mastaba
mastabah
megalith
megaron
melon dome
menhir
metope
moat
modillion
module
monolithic
mortar
mortise and tenon
mosaic
motte
mullion
naos
narthex
nave
Neoclassicism
niche
nymphaeum
obelisk
octastyle
oculus
ogee
ogive
opus incertum
opus quadratum
opus reticulatum
opus sectile
order
oriel
palace
palazzo
palisade
Palladian motif
parti
pavilion
pediment
pendentive
peripteral
peristyle
Perpendicular Gothic
piano nobile
piazza
picturesque
pier
pilaster
piles
piling
pillar
pilotis
place
plaza
plinth
polis
polychromy
porch
portal
porte cochère
portico
Portland cement
post and lintel
propylaia
propylon
pylon
quarry-faced masonry
quincunx
quoin
radiating chapel
raft foundation
refectory
reinforced concrete
revetment
rib
rib vault
rond-point
rustication
sacristy
sanctuary
sash
scenae frons
section
serdab
Serliana
setback
shaft
skeleton frame
skyscraper construction
space frame
spandrel
spire
spread foundation
spring line
spur wall
square
stele
stoa
stucco
temenos
temple front
tension
terra cotta
thrust
torsion
tourelle
trabeated
tracery
transept
triforium
triglyph
truss
turret
tympanum
vault
veranda
verandah
vestibule
viaduct
villa
volume
volute
voussoir
westwork
ziggurat

 

Sources Cited

Roth, Leland M. Understanding Architecture: Its Elements, History, and Meaning. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993.