Isaac Kremer/ January 14, 2018/ / 0 comments

For defensive purposes in Colonial times, a narrow vertical opening in the exterior wall from which to observe the enemy and return fire. In masonry construction, the sides of the opening are splayed, making it much wider on the inside. Photo from Montecatini Alto, Italy, 2018. (Foster, 2004)

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About Isaac Kremer

A nationally recognized downtown revitalization leader, downtowns Isaac managed achieved $350 million of investment, 1,300 jobs created, and were 2X Great American Main Street Award Semifinalist and a 1X GAMSA winner in 2023. His work has been featured in Newsday, NJBIZ, ROI-NJ, TapInto, and USA Today. Isaac is a Main Street America Revitalization Professional (MSARP) with additional certifications from the National Parks Service, Project for Public Spaces, and the National Development Council.

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