A cupola rises from a roof or tower. It may rise from bases of different shapes and culminate in a dome-shaped roof, semicircular dome with four sides sliced off (vellar cupola), a quarter-spherical cupola (conch) over a dome or apse, square, rectangle or octagon. Cupolated refers to having one or many cupolas, and the space between cupolas is the intercupola. In early Russian architecture, referred to as glukhaya glava (blind cupola), makovitsa (small cupola), or fonar (small cupola with many small windows). Photo from Perth Amboy, New Jersey, 2018. (Kremer, 2023)
Photo from Ithaca, New York, 2023.