Classical orders

Isaac Kremer/ January 14, 2018/ / 0 comments

The total assemblage of parts comprising the column and its appropriate entablature used in Classical architecture, including the Greek and Roman orders. The Greek orders are: Doric, Ionian, Corinthian. The Romans imitated the Greek orders and refined them to include: Tuscan, and Composite. Together these became the five accepted styles of Classical columns and entablatures. The primary divisions of the column are base, shaft and capital. The primary divisions of the entablature are architrave, frieze and cornice. A pedestal under the column is not an essential part of the order but appropriate pedestals are given by the theorists from Serlio onwards. “These orders were governed by precise mathematical ratios, a series of proportional rules that regulated aesthetic effect. The height of a Corinthian entablature, for example, is a quarter of the height of the columns on which it stands, while the height of each column is ten times its diameter, and so forth… The Colosseum had all three orders with Doric on the lowest level, Ionic on the second, and Corinthian at the top” (King, 2000). Also see architectural orders, five orders, orders, orders of architecture, Greek orders, and Roman architectural orders. Note the word “Classical” should not be used in lowercase form when combined with “order”. Photo from the Second Bank of the United States, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2017. (Kremer, 2023)

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About Isaac Kremer

A nationally recognized downtown revitalization leader, downtowns Isaac managed achieved $350 million of investment, 1,300 jobs created, and were 2X Great American Main Street Award Semifinalist and a 1X GAMSA winner in 2023. His work has been featured in Newsday, NJBIZ, ROI-NJ, TapInto, and USA Today. Isaac is a Main Street America Revitalization Professional (MSARP) with additional certifications from the National Parks Service, Project for Public Spaces, and the National Development Council.

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