- 1890-1915 (Whiffen)
- 1890-1920 (Blumenson)
An intricate weaving of linear and geometric forms with stylized foliage in a symmetrical pattern is the unique element of the Sullivanesque style, originated by Louis Sullivan (1856-1924). Bold geometric facades are pierced with either arched or lintel-type openings. The wall surface is highlighted with extensive low-relief sculptural ornamentation in terra cotta. Buildings often are topped with deep projecting eaves and flat roofs. The multi-story office complex is highly regimented into specific zones – ground story, intermediate floors, and the attic or roof. The intermediate floors are arranged in vertical bands (Blumenson, 65).
National Farmer’s Bank, Owatonna, Minnesota
Wainright Building, St. Louis, Missouri: Sullivan’s murky theorizing and his singular genius with ornamented created a personal style that had few imitators or followers. However, Sullivan is one of the few human beings to whom Frank Loyd Wright publicly acknowledged a debt of influence in his career (Blumenson, 65).
Prudential Building, Buffalo, New York.
- large arched window
- decorative terra cotta panel
- decorative band
- vertical strips of windows
- pilaster-like mullions
- projecting eaves
- lintel-type opening
- highly decorated frieze
- enriched foliated rinceau
- porthole windows
- decorated terra cotta spandrels
- capital of pilaster strips
- guilloche enrichment
- foliated and linear enrichments along jams or entry
- Baker, John Milnes. American House Styles: A Concise Guide. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company, Ltd., 2002.
- Blumenson, John J.G. Identifying American Architecture: A Pictorial Guide for Styles and Terms, 1600-1945. Nashville: American Association for State and Local History, 1981.
- McAlester, Virginia. A Field Guide to American Houses: The Definitive Guide to Identifying and Understanding America’s Domestic Architecture. New York, NY: Knopf, 2015.
- Whiffen, Marcus. American Architecture Since 1780: A Guide to the Styles. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1996.
Also see Architecture / Style index.