Architecture / Style / Greek Revival

Chronology

  • 1820-1860 (Whiffen)
  • 1820-1860 (Blumenson)
  • 1820-1850 (Baker)
  • 1825-1860 (McAlester)
  • 1818-c.1850 (Roth)

Description

The Greek Revival style is an adaptation of the classic Greek temple front employing details of either the Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian order. Often would have a low-pitched gable (or sometimes hipped) roof, insignificant chimneys, and bevel siding. Often had a porch or portico usually with non-fluted columns that support a full entablature with low-pitched pediment and a frieze. Many houses were built without the colossal temple front.

The rectangular transom over the door was popular and often was broken by two engaged piers flanked by side lights that surround the door. The shouldered architrave trim was widely used for doors and windows. Upper floor lighting is incorporated ingeniously into the enlarged frieze of the entablature. Elongated six-over-six double hung windows, and four-panel doors flanked by sidelights and a transom above were common.

Variations

Second Bank of the United States, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Leading Examples

Glossary

Sources Cited

Also see Architecture / Style index.