skin / floor / block
skin / floor / decking
skin / floor / floor
skin / floor / flooring
skin / floor / herringbone
skin / floor / parquet
skin / floor / platform
skin / floor / sinkage
skin / floor / subfloor
skin / floor / sunken
skin / floor / terrazzo
- block flooring: Strips of wood preassembled into square blocks.
- laminated block: A flooring block made by bonding three or more wood veneers with a moisture-resistant adhesive, usually tongued on two opposing sides and grooved on the other two to ensure proper alignment in setting.
- laminated block flooring: A type of block flooring made by bonding usually three layers of wood veneer together. Block flooring is available in a number of patterns that can be joined to simulate plank, strip, and parquet flooring. Woods such as cherry, teak, and walnut are often used with oak and maple to give a block floor more visual interest.
- slat block: A flooring block made by assembling narrow slats or fingers of hardwood into larger units.
- solid block flooring: Consists of strips of wood preassembled into square blocks; blocks may be either tongued and grooved or square ended and splined.
- unit block: Consists of strips of wood preassembled into square blocks; blocks may be either tongued and grooved or square ended and splined. 2. A flooring block made by joining short lengths of strip flooring edgewise, usually tongued on two adjoining sides and grooved on the other two to ensure proper alignment in setting.
- unit block flooring: Strips of wood preassembled into square blocks…
- acoustic decking: Metal decking containing glass fiber between the perforated webs of ribbed decking or in the perforated cells of cellular decking, used as a sound-absorbing ceiling.
- cellular decking: Metal decking manufactured by welding a corrugated steel sheet to a flat steel sheet, forming a series of raceways for electrical wires and cables.
- composite decking: Metal decking serving as permanent formwork and tensile reinforcement for a concrete slab bonded to it by a deformed or dovetail rib pattern.
- decking: Self-supporting units of wood, metal, or concrete capable of spanning beams, joists, rafters, or purlins and serving as a base for flooring or roofing. 2. Dimension lumber 2 to 4 inches (51 to 102 mm) thick and 4 inches or more wide, graded primarily with respect to bending strength when loaded on the wide face.
- form decking: Metal decking serving as permanent formwork for a reinforced concrete slab until the slab can support itself.
- metal decking: Sheet metal strengthened for use as floor or roof decking by cold-rolling a series of ribs or flutes into it, and usually galvanized for corrosion resistance. The spanning capability of metal decking depends on the thickness of the steel sheet and the depth of the corrugations.
- floor: The level, base surface of a room or hall upon which one stands or walks.
- floor cavity: The cavity formed by the work plane, the floor, and the wall surfaces between these two planes.
- access flooring system: A system of removable and interchangeable floor panels supported on adjustable pedestals or stringers to allow free access to the space beneath. Also called raised flooring system.
- almorrefa: In southern Spain, brickwork intermixed with azulejos, used as flooring.
- asphalt tile: Low cost tile, usually nine inch squares, made from asphalt, asbestos fibers, mineral pigments, and ground limestone or other inert fillers; laid over a wood or concrete subfloor.
- assemblage: Flooring pattern.
- blind floor: Rough boards or plywood sheets that are nailed directly to the floor joists and serve as a base for the finish flooring.
- bridging floor: Also see bridging joist.
- carcass flooring: The naked framing of a floor, comprising all the supporting timbers, but without either ceiling or floor boards.
- carreaux d’octagones: A floor pattern in which small black diamonds are laid at the intersections of slabs of lighter-colored stone.
- coassatio: In ancient Roman construction, anything made of boards jointed together, as the flooring of a house.
- concrete flooring: A concrete floor placed directly on earth or on a tamped cinder or gravel base.
- cork tile: Flooring tile of compressed cork composition.
- deck: An unsheltered floor of wooden construction. 2. The structural surface to which flooring or roofing is applied.
- deewan: Also see leewan.
- diagonal wood flooring: A type of wooden flooring.
- double floor: Also see double framed floor.
- double framed floor: Also see double framed floor.
- end-matched flooring: Strip flooring that is tongued and grooved along its ends.
- English flooring: A type of flooring pattern.
- finish floor: The exposed top member of a flooring assembly.
- finish flooring: Material used for the wearing surface of a floor, as hardwood, terrazzo, or floor tile.
- finished floor: The exposed top member of a flooring assembly.
- floor covering: Material, especially a nonfabric material, as vinyl or ceramic tile, used to cover a floor.
- floorboards: Also see wood flooring.
- flooring: A floor, or the materials used for a floor. In this book, four major categories of flooring are discussed: clay tile flooring, concrete flooring, resilient flooring, and wood flooring.
- Hungarian flooring: A type of flooring pattern.
- leewan: A raised portion of the floor, in Mohammedan countries, upon which one may recline; furnished with cushions, it becomes a deewan.
- leshchad: A thin stone slab used in early Russian construction, as in flooring.
- mat sinkage: A depression in a floor near an entrance to that a doormat placed therein will be approximately at floor level.
- matched flooring: Plank flooring gradually evolved into long, narrow strip flooring. Generally, strip flooring is tongued and grooved along its sides and frequently along its ends as well. Hardwood strip flooring is often found in more public living spaces; whereas softwood strip flooring is found in attics, closets, kitchens and the like, or is used as a base for resilient flooring (such as linoleum) or carpeting.
- mosaic flooring: A floor covered with mosaic decoration. 2. A pattern used in wooden flooring.
- open-timber floor: A floor in which the floor joists and construction are exposed on the underside.
- parquet floor: Wood flooring laid to form geometric patterns.
- planch: A floorboard. 2. A plank floor.
- planching: Also see flooring.
- plank flooring: One of the oldest types of wood flooring, originally consisted of long wide planks – these planks were often of random widths – fastened to the joists with wooded pegs.
- porch flooring: Planks or other materials used as a covering for a porch floor.
- raised flooring system: A system of removable and interchangeable floor panels supported on adjustable pedestals or stringers to allow free access to the space beneath. Also called raised flooring system.
- resilient flooring: A term used to describe smooth-surfaced floor coverings that exhibit similarities in manufacture and installation; became quite popular after about 1920.
- rough floor: Rough boards or plywood sheets that are nailed directly to the floor joists and serve as a base for the finish flooring.
- rough flooring: The underflooring of rough lumber, usually square-edged, upon which a finish floor is laid.
- schola alvei: The vacant space on the floor of a caldarium which surrounds the warm water bath (alveus).
- shard: A fragment of a brittle substance, such as glass or pottery.
- signinum: An ancient Roman construction material employed for making flooring; consisted of tiles broken into minute pieces and mixed with mortar.
- single framed floor: Also see single framed roof.
- slab flooring: A concrete floor placed directly on earth or on a tamped cinder or gravel base.
- spica testacea: Oblong tiles set in a herringbone pattern in ancient Roman floors.
- strip flooring: Also see matched flooring, floorboards.
- suspensura: Any building or flooring raised from the ground and supported on arches, piles, or pillars; esp. applied to the flooring of an ancient Roman bath suspended over the flues of a furnace on low pillars so that steam may circulate freely under it.
- tabulatum: Ancient Roman term for wood floors, wainscot, ceilings, etc., and even for balconies and other projections.
- underdrawn: Closed beneath, as by lath and plaster, or by boarding, as when a floor previously of exposed timber is closed for greater warmth or prevention of sound…
- underwriters’ floor: Also see underwriters’ floor.
- vinyl floor: Any of various tough, flexible plastics made from polyvinyl resin, often used for floors or exterior siding.
- vinyl sheet: A resilient floor covering composed principally of polyvinyl chloride in combination with mineral fillers, pigments, and a fiber, felt, or foam backing.
- vinyl tile: A resilient floor tile composed principally of polyvinyl chloride in combination with mineral fillers and pigments.
- wood flooring: Hardwoods and softwoods in various sizes and configurations used for flooring.
- yuka: In traditional Japanese architecture, a floor.
- parquet: Inlaid wood flooring, usually set in simple geometric patterns. 2. Same as parquetry.
- parqueterie: The decorative system where geometrical pieces of wood or stone are formed into predominantly geometrical patterns; usually at least two colors or two types of material are used. Parquetry is used in flooring, in wall construction, and in wainscoting.
- parquetry: The decorative system where geometrical pieces of wood or stone are formed into predominantly geometrical patterns; usually at least two colors or two types of material are used. Parquetry is used in flooring, in wall construction, and in wainscoting.
- plated parquet: Parquetry having inlaid hardwood pieces applied to a framed backing.
- calcatorium: A raised platform of masonry in the cellar attached to an ancient Roman vineyard; ascended by two or three steps, it served as a passageway on a level with the tops of the large vessels in which wine was kept in bulk.
- dais: A platform raised above the floor level of a public room.
- deys: A raised platform reserved for the seating of speakers or dignitaries. Obsolete term for dais.
- estrade: A platform or dais.
- hathplace: Same as estrade or dais in the sense of a raised platform. In this sense, probably derived from corruptions.
- soleiya: A dais or altar steps in front of (and the full width of) an iconostasis.
- sparver: A canopy frame over a dais or bed.
- tribune: A dais for the magistrates’ seats in the apse of a Roman basilica; hence a platform, dais, or rostrum.
- hollow-backed: Of or pertaining to a wood or stone piece having a back face hollowed out so that it can fit more tightly against an irregular surface.
- nucleus: In ancient construction, the internal part of the flooring, consisting of a strong cement, over which the pavement was laid, bound with mortar.
- sleeper: Strips of wood laid over a concrete floor thereby providing a base to which flooring may be nailed or glued. Also, timbers, heavy beams, or logs laid on the ground to receive floor joists and help distribute the load. (This latter type of sleeper is most frequently found in cabin construction.)
- sleepers: Strips of wood laid over a concrete floor thereby providing a base to which flooring may be nailed or glued. Also, timbers, heavy beams, or logs laid on the ground to receive floor joists and help distribute the load. (This latter type of sleeper is most frequently found in cabin construction.)
- subfloor: Rough boards or plywood sheets that are nailed directly to the floor joists and serve as a base for the finish flooring.
- sunken floor: A floor recessed slightly below ground level.
- underlayment: A material, as plywood or hardboard, laid over a subfloor to provide a smooth, even base for resilient flooring, carpet, or other nonstructural flooring; or a weather-resistant material, as roofing or felt, for covering and protecting a roof deck before shingles are applied.
- berliner: A type of terrazzo topping using small and large pieces of marble paving, usually with a standard terrazzo matrix between pieces. Also see palladiana.
- board and brace work: A method of construction, for partitions and the like, consisting of boards with grooved edges into which thinner boards are inserted like panels, forming alternating projections and recesses.
- bonded terrazzo: A terrazzo topping installed over a mortar underbed that is bonded to a rough-finished concrete slab.
- monolithic terrazzo: A terrazzo topping installed directly over a rough-finished concrete slab. A chemical bonding agent is used if the concrete surface is too smooth for a mechanical bond.
- palladiana: A mosaic terrazzo finish consisting of cut or fractured marble slabs set by hand in the desired pattern, with smaller chips filling the spaces between. Also see berliner.
- rustic terrazzo: A uniformly textured terrazzo finish produced by washing the matrix prior to setting so as to expose the chips, which are not ground.
- sand-cushion terrazzo: A terrazzo system for controlling cracking when structural movement is expected, consisting of a terrazzo topping installed over a reinforced mortar underbed that is separated from the subfloor by an isolation membrane and a thin layer of sand.
- standard terrazzo: A ground and polished terrazzo finish consisting mainly of relatively small stone chips.
- terrazzo: A flooring surface of marble chips in cement, ground and polished after setting.
- terrazzo venexiano: Same as terrazzo venexiano, as a trazzo floor.
- terrazzo veneziano: An inexpensive concrete pavement used for floors in the province of Venetia, even in houses of some pretentions to elegance…
- thin-set terrazzo: A thin resinous terrazzo topping directly over a sound wood, metal, or concrete subfloor.
- topping: The mixture of stone chips and cementious or resinous matrix that produces a terrazzo surface. 2. A thin layer of high-quality concrete placed over a concrete base to form a floor surface. 3. A layer of reinforced concrete cast to form a composite structural unit with a precast concrete floor or roof deck.
- trazzo: Same as terrazzo veneziano, as a trazzo floor.
- underbed: The mortar base on which a terrazzo topping is applied.
- Venetian terrazzo: A ground and polished terrazzo finish consisting mainly of large stone chips, with smaller chips filling the spaces between.
Also see Architecture index.