skin / carving / a jour
skin / carving / bas relief
skin / carving / carving
skin / carving / embossed
skin / carving / half relief
skin / carving / high relief
skin / carving / low relief
skin / carving / repousse
skin / carving / sunk relief
- a giorno: Same as a jour; the Italian form of the phrase.
- a jour: Carving pierced to transmit light.
- ajour: Pierced panel of some material, e.g. marble, to allow the admission of air and light.
- ajoure: Carving pierced to transmit light.
- bas relief: A low carving protruding somewhat from the background plane.
- bas-relief: A form of sculpture in which the figures project but slightly form the general background; low relief; as, for example, in the frieze of the Parthenon. Any sculptured work thus executed in low relief. Bas-relief is especially used as an adjunct to architecture. The contrasting treatment of sculpture is high relief or alto-rilievo.
- basse-taille: Bas-relief; the older French term which was in use until the 17th century. It has passed into English as a term used by collectors and dealers in ancient works of art.
- basso-relievo: A low carving protruding somewhat from the background plane.
- basso-rilievo: Bas-relief.
- bas-taille: Same as bas-relief.
- isocephalic: In bas-relief, having the heads nearly on a horizontal line; especially said of the heads of human figures in a frieze or band.
- isocephalism: In Greek bas-reliefs, the custom of designing the heads of all figures along one horizontal line.
- isocephalous: Having the heads nearly on a horizontal line; said especially of human figures in a frieze or band, as a painting or bas-relief. Rarely extended to arches in an arcuated construction when for any reason the crowns and not the springing lines are brought nearly to a horizontal plane.
- low relief: Same as bas-relief.
- abate: To cut away, as in stonework, or to beat down, as in metalwork, so as to leave parts in relief.
- abated: To cut away, as in stonework, or to beat down, as in metalwork, so as to leave parts in relief.
- carving: Cutting in wood, stone, or other resistant material requiring the use of a sharp tool; especially, ornamental cutting, whether in relief or in intaglio. The distinction between carving and sculpture is wholly that of importance and dignity; thus, the figure subjects in Gothic work are hardly ever spoken of as carving, whereas the leaf ornaments in bands and cornices are often so designated.
- champ: A defined surface ready for carving.
- champe: Field or ground on which carving is raised.
- relief: Sculpture engaged with its background, as seen on Classical friezes and pediments. 2. An apparent projection from a flat background due to contrast, creating the illusion of three dimensions.
- relieved work: Ornamentation done in relief.
- relievo: Also see rilievo.
- rilievo: Ornament in relief. There are three degrees: alto-rilievo, mezzo-rilievo, and basso-rilievo, representing great projection, about half projection of a figure, and slight projection.
- anaglypha: Vessels of metal embossed in relief.
- anaglyphic: Having the character of an anaglyph; carved in relief.
- ectype: A copy or image in relief or embossed. 2. A reproduction of an original.
- embossed work: In general, decorative work in relief, produced, not by carving or casting, but by stamping, hammering, pressing with a die, or like use of mechanical force; such as that done in sheet metal by “striking up” from behind.
- enchased: Descriptive of a variety of hammered metalwork in which a pattern in relief is produced by hammering down the background or depressed portions of the design.
- anaglyph: Sculpture or other ornament in relief more pronounced that bas-relief.
- demirelief: Sculptural relief intermediate between high relief and bas-relief.
- demi-rilievo: Also see demo-rilievo.
- demo-rilievo: Also see demo-rilievo.
- half relief: Sculptural relief intermediate between high relief and bas-relief.
- half-relief: Sculpture in relief, between bas-relief and alto-relief; a term of no accurate or precise value.
- mezzo rilievo: Also see relief.
- mezzo-relievo: Sculptural relief intermediate between high relief and bas-relief.
- mezzo-rilievo: Also see relief.
- alto-relievo: Also see alto-relievo, alto-rilievo.
- alto-rilievo: High relief in panel sculpture.
- high relief: Alto-rilievo, i.e. sculpture in relief projecting more than half its form from its background.
- card-cut: Low-relief fret (but unpierced) in (especially) Chinoiserie and Gothick friezes.
- geometric design: Flat and low-relief forms with continuous patterns, bandlike placements, or relatively isolated relief forms.
- low-relief sculpture: A low carving protruding somewhat from the background plane.
- stiacciato: In very low relief, as if a bas-relief had been pressed flatter.
- repousse: Ornamental metal relief work produced by hammering metal into a form from the reverse side.
- repoussé: Ornamental metal-work with patterns in relief on the exposed surface formed by punching the metal from the back, finished by chasing.
- repoussè: A pattern in relief, usually made by hammering thin metal from behind.
- repousse work: Ornamental metal relief work produced by hammering metal into a form from the reverse side.
- cavo rilievo: Also see sunk relief.
- cavo-relievo: Also see cavo-relievo, cavo-rilievo, intaglio rilevato.
- cavo-rilievo: Also see sunk relief.
- coelanaglyphic relief: Carving in relief in which no part of the figure represented projects beyond the surrounding plane.
- coelanglyphic: Also see relief.
- coilanaglyphic: An Egyptian form of relief is counter sunk, i.e. it does not project above the general surface upon which it is wrought. This is known as cavo relievo or intaglio relevato; also hollow relief or coelanaglyphic sculpture. The outlines are incised and the relief is thus contained in a sunk panel no bigger than itself.
- diaglyph: A relief engraved in reverse; an intaglio. 2. A sunk relief.
- hollow relief: Same as sunk relief.
- in cavetto: The reverse of relief, differing from intaglio in that the design is impressed into plaster or clay.
- incavo: The hollowed or incised part of an intaglio.
- incavo relievo: Also see relief.
- intaglio rilevato: See sunk relief.
- intaglio rilievo: Also see relief.
- sunk relief: Also see cavo-relievo, cavo-rilievo, intaglio rilevato.
Also see Architecture index.