hermitage: Dwelling of a hermit or religious recluse, in the medieval period often associated with religious foundations, endowed for an anchorite in a churchyard or some otherplace, often attached to a monastery, and frequently associated with an oratory. 2. 18th c. habitation in a lonely situation, often in a landscaped park, occupied by a paid ‘hermit’. 3. Cottage orné, primitive hut, or rusticresidence in a landscape intended as a mnemonic of a hermit’s house. 4. Bower, gazebo, or secluded place, often associated with a grotto or cave, artificial rock-work, or some such construction in a 18th c. elegiac landscape.
primitive: Type of architecture mnemonic of the very beginning, the earliest, original, crude, or fundamental. Suggested by roughness and squatness (As in the primitive Doric from Paestum with its exaggerated entasis), it was a feature of advanced late-18th c. Neo-Classicism.
symbol: Representation of something, e.g. sacred, such as the elements of the Eucharist. 2. Familiar object used mnemonically to represent acts, persons, ideas, or anything, e.g. the Cross for Christianity, the means by which a Saint was martyred (attribute)… 3. Something representing what it is, unlike an allegory (a description of a subject under the guise of some other subject of aptly suggestive resemblance: it represents something it itself is not).
Symboli: architecture Term coined (1980s) by Charles Alexander Jencks (1939-) to describearchitecture with a strong degree of personification or with allusions to cultural ideas, historical references, and other pre-Modernist themes, or in which there were visual jokes, puns, and mnemonic motifs.