function / commerce/trade / financial institution
function / commerce/trade / professional
function / commerce/trade / restaurant
function / commerce/trade / specialty store
function / commerce/trade / warehouse
function / commerce/trade
- aerarium: A public treasury in ancient Roman times.
- agora: In ancient Greece, an open space, often the market place.
- atelier: An artist’s workshop. 2. A place where artwork or handicrafts are produced by skilled workers. 3. A studio where the fine arts, including architecture, are taught.
- bakehouse: A building containing an oven and other necessary appurtenances for baking, as in a hospital, monastery, barracks, or the like. Under the feudal system each manor possessed a bakehouse to which tenants were obliged to resort.
- bank building: In the modern cities of Europe and America, a structure, often very large, built for a banking house and containing the rooms occupied by that business association, as well as, in very many cases, offices for rent to other firms or individuals…
- bank: A building, or occasionally merely a room, in which is conducted a banking business. 2. A row of elevators in a high-rise building, controlled by a common operating system and responding to a single call button.
- banking house: Same as bank building. The term, as signifying also the business establishment or firm, may be considered as more properly limited to the building appropriated to the uses of a bank alone. Such buildings are still frequently erected in the smaller towns where space in the business quarter is not so precious as in the greater cities, and where the temptation is not so strong to utilize many upper stories for rent. Before the introduction of elevators such buildings were more numerous than at present.
- bazaar: A group of retail shops.
- bazar: A group of retail shops.
- bodega: In Spain and in Spanish-America, and hence in parts of the U.S., generally, a wine vault or cellar; a wine shop where liquors are drawn from the cask; a storeroom, a warehouse.
- bookstore: In the U.S., a place in which books are sold, usually at retail. In Great Britain, more commonly bookseller’s shop. 2. In a large library, the room or rooms in which books are kept in quantity, and so arranged as to be easily reached by the attendants.
- booth: An open-front stall in a market. 2. A compartment for an individual, as a ticket-seller’s booth, or a telephone booth.
- botega: In Italian, a shop; in the history of Italian art, the workshop in which an artist of reputation, having usually assistants, made and offered for sale, or made to order, decorative furniture, carvings, painted armorial shields, painted panels for chests, door, shutters, tabernacles, shrines; and, in short, art works of any sort from mural paintings of importance to toys, weapons, utensils, etc. Each botega gained a reputation for a peculiar class of work.
- brewhouse: An establishment for brewing ale and beer, in connection with a large dwelling house in the country. It is thus distinguished from a brewery, where malt liquors are manufactured for the trade.
- business district: An area where business blocks are located.
- business park: Landscaped area in which are built offices, buildings for light industry, and the like, served by roads, and where development is controlled by a master-plan…
- café: A room or building for the sale and serving of refreshments.
- cafeteria: A self-service restaurant.
- caupona: In ancient Rome, a place where wine and provisions were sold. 2. A tavern, seldom frequented by any but the commonest people. 3. An inn for the accommodation of travelers.
- central business district: A district with a combination of shops, offices, and apartments.
- chafer house: Old English term for ale house.
- chantier: In French, a workshop; in English, a shed to protect stone cutters or other workmen from the sun and rain.
- cloth-hall: Exchange, often of some magnificence, where buyers and sellers of woolen cloth met to transact business, e.g. the Cloth Hall, Brugge, Belgium.
- coffee house: In England, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, a kind of tavern, especially devoted to the taking of coffee and chocolate, indulging in conversation, etc. The custom is obsolete except in history and literature. At the present time, a place of refreshment, often one from which alcoholic drinks are excluded.
- coffee shop: An independent restaurant, or one supplementing the main dining-room of a hotel, offering a somewhat restricted menu.
- concalli: In Aztec building, a storehouse.
- emporium: In ancient Roman towns, a large building in which foreign merchandise, brought in by sea, was deposited until disposed of to retail dealers.
- ergasterion: In Greek archaeology, a workshop, the term having the large significance of the French atelier. In modern Greek, applied especially to an establishment of some importance maintained by the government or by an association.
- fish market: Fish and oyster markets are located convenient to the harbor or docks.
- gin-palace: Ornate public-house evolved in Britain in the 1830s, featuring plate- and mirror-glass, a bar, gantry, showy elaborate fittings, and illuminated by gas-flares and lights…
- godown: In India and the Far East, a store-house of any description.
- guildhall: The place of assembly for a guild or corporation.
- ice house: A structure, usually with double walls, backed between with sawdust or some similar material which does not conduct heat; used for the storage of ice; usually encloses a pit which has a drain to carry off the water resulting from melting ice.
- ice-house: Building for the storage of ice collected during the winter for use in summer, usually wholly or partly underground… 2. Eskimo igloo…
- industrial park: Area planned as an estate for industrial use…
- keg house: A saloon, or bar, where wines and liquors are kept in small varnished kegs instead of glass bottles. This kind of saloon was in vogue on the plains about the time of the building of the Union Pacific Railroad.
- kura: In a Japanese city, a fireproof building two or more stories high, used as a place of deposit for the valuable possessions of a family…
- lonja: An exchange, a bourse.
- macellum: A Roman meat or produce market in a covered hall.
- market house: A building prepared for the purposes of a market…
- market: In general, any place where merchandise is kept for sale…
- mason’s lodge: See lodge.
- office building: One intended for renting to tenants for the purpose of transacting clerical or executive business or the practice of a profession…
- office: A room or building in which business can be carried on, or a profession practiced.
- opera del duomo: The workshop or museum of an Italian cathedral.
- ordinary: A village tavern in an early American community.
- painting room: A studio, atelier, or workshop for the use of a painter as an artist…
- pistrinum: A mill associated with an ancient Roman bakery.
- popina: An ancient Roman restaurant or tavern frequented by the lower classes.
- shop: A building or lesser space for a retail sales business. 2. A space set aside for making repairs or small manufacturing.
- skyscrapers: The Crystal Palace by Joseph Paxton at the Great Exhibition of 1851 was an early example of iron and glass construction, followed in 1864 by the first glass and metal curtain wall. A further development was that of the steel-framed skyscraper in Chicago around 1890 by William Le Baron Jenney and Louis Sullivan.
- smithy: Blacksmith’s workshop, where metals (especially iron) are worked.
- storage building: Also see warehouse.
- store: A place in which merchandise is offered for sale; a place larger than a shop.
- storefront: That portion of the front of a building which is especially arranged to afford extensive show windows for a shop or store; characteristically, it is a screen of windows, glazed with large sheets of plate glass, the door being in a recessed vestibule, and the structural supports being reduced to a minimum, so as to give the greatest possible space for display of goods.
- supermarket: A large retail food store of the serve-yourself type.
- taberna diversoria: See diversorium.
- taberna: In ancient Rome, a booth, shop, or stall.
- tavern: A public guest house or saloon.
- taxpayer: A low (1- or 2-story) modest building where many stories might be permitted by zoning but where the owner, because of limited finances (particularly during the 1930s depression), wished only to have sufficient income to pay the expenses and taxes until better times arrived.
- tracing-house: Place where a medieval mason drew out details of tracery, moldings, etc., for those working under his direction.
- trade-hall: Meeting-hall or sale-room in a town for manufacturers or traders. Some medieval trade-halls (e.g. the Cloth Halls of Brugge and Ieper) were of considerable architectural magnificence.
- treasury: Room or building in which precious objects are preserved. 2. Building housing the Department of State collecting and managing public revenue.
Also see Architecture index.