Architecture / Empire / China

Xia Dynasty (unconfirmed) (ca. 2100–1600 B.C.)

Shang Dynasty (ca. 1600–ca. 1050 B.C.)

Zhou Dynasty (ca. 1050–256 B.C.)
Western Zhou (ca. 1050–771 B.C.)
Eastern Zhou (ca. 771–256 B.C.)
Spring and Autumn Period (770–ca. 475 B.C.)
Warring States Period (ca. 475–221 B.C.)

Qin Dynasty (221–206 B.C.)
Qin Shihuangdi 221–210 B.C.
Er Shi 210–207 B.C.

Han Dynasty (206 B.C.–220 A.D.)
Western (former) Han (206 B.C.–9 A.D.)
Gaodi 206–195 B.C.
Huidi 195–188 B.C.
(Lu Hou) (regent 188–180 B.C.)
Wendi 180–157 B.C.
Jingdi 157–141 B.C.
Wudi 141–87 B.C.
Zhaodi 87–74 B.C.
Xuandi 74–49 B.C.
Yuandi 49–33 B.C.
Chengdi 33–7 B.C.
Aidi 7–1 B.C.
Pingdi 1 B.C.–6 A.D.
Ruzi 7–9 A.D.
Wang Mang 9–23 A.D.
Eastern (later) Han (25–220) A.D.
Guang Wudi 25–57 A.D.
Mingdi 57–75 A.D.
Zhangdi 75–88 A.D.
Hedi 88–106 A.D.
Shangdi 106 A.D.
Andi 106–125 A.D.
Shundi 125–144 A.D.
Chongdi 144–145 A.D.
Zhidi 145–146 A.D.
Huandi 146–168 A.D.
Lingdi 168–189 A.D.
Xiandi 189–220 A.D.

Six Dynasties (220–589) A.D.
Three Kingdoms (220–265) A.D.
Wei
Wendi 220–226 A.D.
Mingdi 227–239 A.D.
Shaodi 240–253 A.D.
Gao Gui Xiang Gong 254–260 A.D.
Yuandi 260–264 A.D.

Wu
Wudi 222–252 A.D.
Feidi 252–258 A.D.
Jingdi 258–264 A.D.
Modi 264–280 A.D.

Shu Han
Xuande 221–223 A.D.
Hou Zhu 223–263 A.D.

Western Jin Dynasty (265–317) A.D.
Wudi 265–289 A.D.
Huidi 290–306 A.D.
Huaidi 307–312 A.D.
Mindi 313–316 A.D.

Period of Northern and Southern Dynasties 386–589 A.D.

Sui Dynasty (581–618)
Wendi 581–604
Yangdi 604–617
Gongdi 617–618

Tang Dynasty (618–906)
Gaozu 618–626
Taizong 626–650
Gaozong 649–683
Zhongzong 684, 705–710
Ruizong 684–690
Wu Zetian 690–705
Xuanzong (41.138) 712–756
Suzong 756–762
Daizong 762–779
Dezong 779–805
Shunzong 805
Xianzong 805–820
Muzong 820–824
Jingzong 824–827
Wenzong 826–840
Wuzong 840–846
Xuanzong 846–859
Yizong 859–873
Xizong 873–888
Zhaozong 888–904
Aidi (Zhaoxuan) 904–906

Five Dynasties (907–960)

Later Liang
Taizu 907–910
Modi 911–923

Later Tang
Zhuangzong 923–926
Mingzong 926–934
Feidi 934–935

Later Jin
Gaozu 936–944
Chudi 944–947

Later Han
Gaozu 947–948
Yindi 948–951

Later Zhou
Taizu 951–954
Shizong 954–960

Liao Dynasty (907–1125)

Song Dynasty (960–1279)

Northern Song (960–1127)
Taizu 960–976
Taizong 976–997
Zhenzong 998–1022
Renzong 1023–1063
Yingzong 1064–1067
Shenzong
Zhezong 1086–1100
Huizong 1101–1125
Qinzong 1126–1127

Southern Song (1127–1279)
Gaozong 1127–1162
Xiaozong 1163–1189
Guangzong 1190–1194
Ningzong 1195–1224
Lizong 1225–1264
Duzong 1265–1274
Gongti 1275–1276
Duanzong 1276–1278
(Di Bing) 1278–1279

Yuan Dynasty (1279–1368)
Shizu 1260–1294
Chengzong 1295–1307
Wuzong 1308–1311
Renzong 1312–1320
Yingzong 1321–1323
(Taidingdi) 1324–1328
Wenzong 1328–1332
Mingzong (1992.54) 1329
Ningzong 1332–1333
(Shundi) 1333–1368

Ming Dynasty (1368–1644)
Taizu [reign title: Hongwu] r. 1368–1398
(Huidi [reign title: Jianwen]) r. 1399–1402
Chengzu [reign title: Yongle] r. 1403–1424
Renzong [reign title: Hongxi] r. 1425
Xuanzong [reign title: Xuande] r. 1426–1435
Yingzong [reign title: Zhengtong] r. 1436–1449
Daizong [reign title: Jingtai] r. 1450–1456
Yingzong [reign title: Dienshun] (restored to throne) r. 1457–1464
Xianzong [reign title: Chenghua] r. 1465–1487
Xiaozong [reign title: Hongzhi] r. 1488–1505
Wuzong [reign title: Zhengde] r. 1506–1521
Shizong [reign title: Jiajing] r. 1522–1566
Muzong [reign title: Longqing] r. 1567–1572
Shenzong [reign title: Wanli] r. 1573–1620
Guangzong [reign title: Taichang] r. 1620
Hsizong [reign title: Dianqi] r. 1621–1627
(Ssuzong [reign title: Chongzheng]) r. 1628–1644

Qing Dynasty (r. 1644–1911)
Shizu [reign title: Shunzhi] r. 1644–1661
Shengzu [reign title: Kangxi] (1979.5) r. 1662–1722
Shizong [reign title: Yungzheng] r. 1723–1735
Gaozong [reign title: Qianlong] (1988.350) r. 1736–1795
Renzong [reign title: Jiaqing] r. 1796–1820
Xuanzong [reign title: Daoguang] r. 1821–1850
Wenzong [reign title: Xianfeng] r. 1851–1861
Muzong [reign title: Dongzhi] r. 1862–1874
Tezong [reign title: Guangxu] r. 1875–1908
(Pui [reign title: Xuantong]) r. 1909–1911

 

Also see Architecture index.

Sources Cited
List of Rulers of China, Department of Asian Art, The Metropolitan Museum of Art

October 2004