The Visual Dictionary of American Domestic Architecture (1997)

Contents
Native American Dwellings
Continental Influences
Early English Colonial
The Georgian Era
Neoclassical Styles
Folk and Frontier Houses
The Victorian Era
Classicism and the Revivals
New American Visions
Early Modernism
The Postwar Era
Contemporary Trends
 

Index
A-frame, 229
abacus, 96, 98
acroterion, 100, 105, 260
Adirondack style, 170-74
adobe, 24, 25, 27, 30, 31, 125, 128, 130, 131, 132
air space, ventilated, 232
apron (window), 86, 141
arch, 101, 184; braced, 138, 150, 153; brick relieving (segmented), 33, 43, 68, 70, 91, 92, 95, 188; corbeled, 193; cusped, 138, 141; flat (gauged), 34, 40, 68, 70, 79, 81, 91, 95, 167, 174, 179, 180; inset double, 70; laminated wood, 232; lancet, 141; ogee, 141; pointed, 135, 136, 137, 138, 157,200; Roman, 32; round, 152, 166, 168, 204; rowlock, 155; segmented, 51, 175; Syrian, 169; triangular, 136, 139, 141
architrave, 96, 98, 102, 106; eared (crossetted), 86
arris, 138
arrowwood, packed, 24
Art Deco, 228
ashlar, 84, 91, 94, 107, 135, 136, 139,145; brick, 97; limestone, 178
awning, 191, 237
backsplash, 225, 245
balcony, 47, 114, 144, 148, 156, 170, 173, 181, 185, 190, 257; cantilevered, 253; carved limestone, 178; cast-iron, 100, 104, 107; crenelated, 135; parapet, 178; recessed, 155, 165; wood, 103; wrought-iron, 94, 188, 194, 196,199
baluster, 93, 97, 145, 155, 183, 187, 189, 193; gate, 89; turned, 72, 160, 191
balustrade, 94, 161, 197, 200; limestone, 180, 183, 185, 187, 190; stone, 155; wrought-iron, 179
band course, 77, 79, 81, 185
banding; asphalt, 226; inset wood, 203, 206
banister, 72, 93, 145, 160, 189; stepped, 211; see also handrail
bank house, 40, 43
barbecue, 237
bargeboard, 135, 138, 139, 142, detail 162, 164, 200
bark covering, 13, 14, 16
bark house, Ojibwa, 16
bark slab, 17
bark tie, detail 13
barn; aisle, 39; bank, 40, 50-51; connected farm, 110; early English Colonial, 75; French Colonial, 60; German/Swiss Colonial, 41; Octagon, 147; Spanish Territorial, 132
Barr, Alfred, Jr., 224
base block (column), 88, 89, 184
baseboard, 48, 137, 193, 262; marble, 184
batten, 30, 37, 42, 54, 114; cross, 75, 118, 132
battlement, 136, 168
bay, 138, detail 161, 244; curved, 168; projecting, 39; semi-circular, 94, 178, 182; squared, 156, 161, 203, 212; 3-sided, 136, 139, 148, 161, 164, 191, 209
bead (clapboard), 64
beads (newel post), 160
beam, 14, 125, detail 211, 235; anchor, 34, 38; boxed, 157, 165; channel, 215; collar, 38, 46, 56, 67, 127, 151; crossbeam, 30, 61, 200; eaves, 119, 121; exposed, 174, 208, 209, 210, 220; extended, 229; header, 246; plate, 21; rough-pole, 174; summer, 67, 72; teak, 211; tie, 38, 56; viga, 25, 30, 31, 128
beam casing, decorated, 184
Beaux Arts style, 183-85
belt course, 91, 95, 167, 169, 178; molded brick, 34
bench, built-in, 210, 220
bent saplings, 13, 14
bent, detail 38
bevel, 160, 162
board-and-batten, detail 138, 260
boards, 28; diagonal, 197; vertical, 126
boathouse, 173
border; floor, 157, 165, 207; sawtooth, 159, 175; stenciled, 157, 165; wallpaper, 165; box-and-strip building, 126-27; brace, 46; corbel, 34, 38; cross, 61, 124, 125, 201, 214; wind, 235
bracket, 44, 159, 170, 213, 216; braced, 42; cast-iron, 104; corbeled, 151, 175, 208; cornice, 188; cutout, 164, 212; foliate, 145, 154, 181, 183; hoisting, 33, 132; modillion, 96; paired corbeled, 182; paired foliate, 185; paired modillion, 152; paired scroll-sawn, 148, 149; rustic-work, 142, 173; scroll, 197; scroll-sawn, 144, 146, 148, 150, 152, 156, 161, 217, 218; splayed, 165
brick, 208; adobe, 25, 27, 30, 31, 128, 130, 131, detail 132; header, 69, 79; patterned, 34, 152, 199; Roman, 183, 205; soldier, 263; stretcher, 69, 79; see also masonry, brick
brick bonds, detail 69, 81, 91, 188
brick veneer, detail 240
brickwork, tumbling (mousetooth), 34
bubble house, 249
building paper, waterproof, 235, 240
bungalows and small houses (20th century), 212-20
buttress, 136
cabinets, stainless steel, 245
cames, lead, 73
canopy, cast-iron, 102
cap, see chimney pot, 141
Cape Cod cottage, 109
capital (column); corbeled, 182; Corinthian, 88, 98; cushion, 166; Doric, 97, 98; Ionic, 96, 98; painted cardboard, 262; casement, 53, 57, 94, 128, 141, 179, 180, 191, 193, 198; diamond-pane, 33, 63, 64, 68, 70, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 164, 174, 195, 200; grouped, 165, 187, 204, 206, 208; lancet-arch, 135, 139; leaded-glass, detail 73, 201; paired, 207; recessed, 216; single-pane, 197; steel, 226; see also door, French
cement block, 235
chair rail, 48, 189
chamfer, 72
chamfer stop, 72
Chateauesque style, 177-78
cheek (in joint), 67
chickee, Seminole, 20
chimney, 46, 144, 194, 199, 216; brick, 49, 52, 54, 79, 82, 83, 122, 125, 126, 130, 165, 227, 243, 244, 257, 258; concrete, 237; corbeled, 180; crenellated, 191; flared, 155; horizontal, 203, 205, 206, 224, 239,240; pipe, 260; plaster over brick, 31, 131; plaster over stone, 84; ribbed, 158; rubblework, 42, 45, 59, 63, 64, 120, 121, 124, 164, 171, 173, 174,195; stacked, 66, 136, 139, 163, 168, 200; stick-and-mud, 112, 119
chimney base; corbeled, 155; rubblework, 163
chimney cap, 34, 35, 41, 54, 63, 64, 66, 68, 82, 109, 208, 244; corbeled, 158; linked, 70; stacked, 178; twisted, 216; chimney cylinders, paired, 254
chimney pipe, 23
chimney plate, 119
chimney pot (can), 25, 135, 141, 142, 201, 213; clustered, 136; paired, 138; terra-cotta, detail 141; chimney prop, 119; chimney stack, 70; chimney viewer, 70, 151; chinking bark, 23; mud, 20; mud-and-grass, 119, 120, 121; plaster, 42
chords, bottom (truss), 247
circular house, 223
clapboards, 35, 39, 54, 58, detail 64, 78, 82, 84, 95, 96, 97, 106, 109, 111, 113, 115, 116, 117, 124, 125, 130, 148, 149, 150, 151, 154, 158, 159, 163, 182, 192, 200, 201, 206, 212, 214, 216, 217, 227, 237, 244, 245, 256, 261; cypress, 61; diagonal, 258; riven, 63, 64, 66, 68, 71, 75
closers (brick), 69
coffers, ceiling, 152, 157
Colonial Revival style, 188-92
colonnette, 58, 99, 143, 189, 244; Ionic, 154; marble, 175; twisted, 216
columns, detail 98; Corinthian, 83, 88, 98, 190; Corinthian (engaged), 180, 181, 183; Doric, 88, 94, 95, 97, 98, 100, 105,146; Doric (engaged), 102, 105; dwarf, 157, 168, 175; dwarf (engaged), 167; fluted, 197; Ionic, 95, 96, 98, 100, 101, 105, 154, 188; Ionic (engaged), 180; paired, 168, 184, 191; splayed, 216; squared, 97, 182
Conch house, 117
concrete, 223; block, 246, 251, 255, 260; chimney, 237; floor, 232, 235, 237; footing, 219, 235, 246; foundation, 240, 246, 256, 257; in fireproof construction, 219; mantel, 207; plank, 251; poured reinforced, 224, 239; roofs, flat precast, 250; shade arbor, 239; sprayed, 249; vsubfloor, 219; water table, 205
connected farm, 110-11
construction; fireproof, 219; “good,” detail 235; of earth-sheltered house, detail 251; stovewood, 123; tabby wall, 28
coping, 81, 135, 155, 156, 169, 188, 197, 208, 219
coquina, 27, 29
corbel stone, 137, 143, 177, 178
corbie-step, 33
Corinthian order, detail 98
corner board, 112, 115
corner plate, steel, 238
corners; cantilevered, 227; rounded, 185; streamlined, 234
cornice, 79, 81, 83, 84, 85, 87, 91, 92, 93, detail 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 100, 101, 103, 104, 117, 143, detail 144, 145, 146, 152, 159, 165, 179, 183, 185, 187, 188, 191, 194, 197; boxed, 138, 164; bracketed, 156, 161; cast-iron, 181; corbeled, 70; crenelated, 157; dogtooth, 168; incised, 161; molded plaster, 187; raking, 78, 84, 88, 101, 102, 106
cornice board, 217, 220, 245
cornice return, 82, 167
cornice trim; quatrefoil, 139; scalloped, 217; scroll-sawn, 139, 159
corona, 94, 98
countertop, 225, 245
cracker house, 112-13
Craftsman style, 208-13
crenel, 141, 168
crenelation, 141
Creole house, 114-15
cresting, 136, 138; cast-iron, 139, 148, detail 149, 150, 155; stone, 155; wood, 142, 153
crockets, 166, 185
cross bridging, 235
crosstie, 20
cupboard; built-in, 85, 220; corner, 244; stainless steel, 225
cupola, 113, 146, 147, 149, 195, 236,261
curb, plywood, 251
curtain, woven metal, 238
curtain rods, 157
cusps, 141, 175
cutout; decorative, 217, 218, 220; scroll-sawn, 160, 162; trefoil, 200
cymatium, 94, 98, 102
damper control, 238
Davis, Alexander Jackson, 135
deck, 253, 256, 257
dentil, 98
dentil course, 83, 85, 87, 93, 96, 102, 103, 106, 175, 189, 220
dependencies (flankers), 77, 78, 192
diamond pane (quarrel), 73; see also casement, diamondpane
diaper, 166
dividers (window), 73, 97, 99, 207, 221
dock, 173
dog kennel, 172
dogtooth pattern, 156, 161, 169
dogtrot (pass-through), 121
door; artight, 233, 234; arched multipane; 182; Art Deco, detail 228; bronze, embossed, 179; concealed, 85; Craftsman, detail 210; diagonal plank, 147; diamond-paneled, 217; divided, 34, 35, 36, detail 37, 41, 43, 45, 47, 51, 63, 68, 132, 155; double (paneled), 33, 99, detail 143, 144, 145, detail 161 Dutch Colonial, detail 37; Early English Colonial, detail 73; Federal, detail 99; French, 52, 53, detail 54, 58, 102, 107, 114, 115, 146, 182, 185, 187, 191, 199, 201, 216, 243; garage, 242; Georgian, detail 88; glass, 226; Greek Revival, detail 105; herringbone-patterned, 40, 147, 217; hollow-core, 240; horizontal plank, 24; Italianate, detail 143; multipane, 260; oak, detail 221; paneled, 61, 85, 91, 92, 93, 94, 96, 105, 109, 116, 124, 125, 126, 151, 155, 185, 196, 220, 231, 23 7, 242, 243, 245; pleated, 233; Queen Anne, detail 161; recessed swing, 220; ribbed, 206, 210; Spanish Revival, detail 198; steel, 231; vertical plank, 21, 23, 27, 28, 29, 39, 41, 42, 58, 59, 64, 66, 75, 120, 122, 124, 132, 174, 200,201; see also slider
door grille, 129; aluminum, 228; wrought-iron, 180, 181, 183
door hanging, tanned-hide, 14
door hood, 138, 148, 233 ribbed tin, 144
door mullion, 143
door rails, 32, 37, 73, 88, 210, 221, 228
door screen, 228 doorhead, scrolled, 70
Doric order, detail 98
dormer, 178, 219; double-pitched, 214; eyebrow, 217; flat-head (shed-roofed), 34, 40-41; hipped-roof, 155, 163, 164, 169, 182, 191, 192, 194, 206, 214; jerkinhead, 165; pedimented, 81, 82, 83, 148, 149, 185, 188, 190; pitched-roof 35, 54, 68, 71, 95, 115, 130, 139, 142, 148, 167, 169, 192, 195, 200, 244; round, 194; shed-roofed, 164, 171, 193, 200; sloping, 213
dormer cheek, 169
dowels, removable, 28
Downing, Andrew Jackson, 135
downspout, 135, 182, 197, 218, 226,240
drainpipe, 91, 104, see also downspout; rainspout
dripstone course, 135, 136, 144, 178, 179, 182, 204
drops, see pendants
Durant, William West, 171
Dutch Colonial style, 33-39
Dymaxion Deployment Unit, 2.33
Early English Colonial style, 63-75
ears (crossettes), 82-85, 103, 105, 156
earth lodge, Mandan, 22
earth wall dwellings, 22-25
eaves, 51, 111; boxed, 47, 126, 241. 244; flared, 35, 36, 42, 45, 82 97, 214; low-hanging, 229; multi-level, 164; projecting, 40, 59, 66, 68, 112, 113, 115, 122, 132, 138, 139, 144, 151, 153, 156, 182, 197, 203, 204, 206, 208, 212, 214, 216, 217, 219, 236, 259, 260, 261
eaves ladder, 122
echinus, 98
entablature, 83, 88, 93, detail 96, detail 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 104, 105, 106, 107, 114, 143, 180, 182, 187, 188, 189
entry, recessed, 95, 135, 136, 154, 169, 185, 214, 226, 254
entry lodge, 91
epi, see finial
excavated pit, 22
eyebrow, 164, 168, 169, 173
facade; curved, 226; projecting, 231; projecting (pavilion), 77, 78, 82, 95, 100
face string, 93, 101, 193; marble, 184; paneled, 160, 189
Fachwerk building, 124-25
facing (fireplace); marble, 85, 189; stone, 93; tile, 34, 175, 244
fanlight, 77, 81, 83, 84, 85, 88, 91, 92, 94, 95, detail 97, 99
fascia board, 95, 106, 111, 113, 114, 117, 129, 144, 145, 146, 154, 159, 182, 214, 259, 261; copper, 205; paneled, 156
faux stone, 137
Federal style, 91-99
felt; as underlayment, 258; tar and pitch on, 235
fence; cast-iron, 104; pattern book, 140; wrought-iron, 91, 94, 183
fenders, 152
fiber cord tie, 27
fieldstone, 40, 43, 47, 124, 191
finial, 55, 61, 88, 135, 138, 153, 154, 159, 167, 168, 169, 178, 217; acorn, 89; bouquet, 139; bracketed, 148; globe, 89, 190, 261; sunflower, 155; urn, 89
fire ring, 13, 22
fireback, 189; cast-iron, 34
firebox, 85, 93, 152, 157, 175, 189, 238, 263; brick, 244; hewn-log, 119
fireplace, 165; bell-shaped (fogon), 25, 27, detail 31; Colonial Revival, detail 189; Federal, detail 93; Georgian, detail 85; Germanic, detail 44; Greek Revival, detail 102, 103; jambless (sideless), 33, detail 34; Postmodern, detail 263; ranch house, detail 238; Victorian, detail 175
fireplace cloth skirt, 33, 34
fireplace grate, cast-iron, 238
fireplace hood, 31, 34, 157, 175; galvanized steel, 238
fireplace lintel, 72
fireplace slab, stone, 22
fireplace walls, detail 85, 93
fireproof construction, 219
flanker (dependency), 77, 78, 192
flare, 164
flashing, metal, 251
flatboat boards, 114, 115
floor; concrete, 232, 235, 237; hardwood, 165; oak board, 152; plank, 238; random-width plank, 220
floorboards, finished, 235
flutes (column), 98
foil, 141
footing, concrete, 219, 235, 246
foundation; brick, 115, 150, 151, 210, 244; brick veneer, 231; cement, 217; cement-over-stone, 117; concrete, 240, 256, 257; concrete block, 246; fieldstone, 124; masonry, 84, 127, 156; rubblework, 34, 42, 45, 59, 63, 106, 107, 110, 147, 164, 170, 206; sloping (battered), 209
Fowler, Orson, 146
frame; anchorbent, detail 38; balloon, detail 127; gambrel roof, detail 83; Germanic roof, detail 46; Norman roof, detail 56; pegged window, 66, 71; platform, detail 246; pole and sapling, 13-19; post-and-beam, detail 67; purlin roof, detail 74; steel, detail 215, 223; see also surround, door; surround, window
framing timber, 5 7
French Colonial style, 52-61
French Revival style, 193-95
fret (meander or Greek key), 87, 97, 100, 101, 102, 105, 179
frieze, 93, 96, 98, 101, 102, 106, 107; acanthus leaf, 143; cast-plaster decorative, 204; garland, 180; garland-and-wreath, 181; pulvinated, 87, 179; rosette, 179; stylized Doric, 99; swag, 155
Fuller, R. Buckminster, 233, 248
futuristic homes, 248-51
gable, 27, 34, 35, 39, 40, 43, 45, 47, 59, 64, 68, 71, 82, 83, 84, 109, 111, 116, 117, 120, 121, 192; brick, 36; broken, 195, 218, 258; clipped, 138, 139, 150, 217; crow-stepped, 33; front-facing, 154, 159; in Native American dwellings, 20-21; intersecting, 63, 66, 70, 75, 164, 167, 170, 191, 192, 200, 208, 214, 216, 236; ornamental, 169; plate-glass, 229, 256; steeply pitched, 150, 158; steeply pitched intersecting, 135, 138; steeply pitched sloping, 201
gable peak, projecting, 205
gableboard, see bargeboard
gallery, 130, 192; second-story, 29; 2-story, 117, 131; see also porch
garage, 193, 224
gate, 120, 125, 216; Georgian, detail 89; paneled, 155; Spanish Colonial, 30, detail 32; wrought-iron, 188; see also door
geodesic dome, 248
Georgian style, 76-89
German/Swiss Colonial style, 40-51
girt, 201, 215; cellar, 67; chimney, 67, 72, 74, 83; end, 67, 74, 83; front, 67; rear, 67
glass, colored, 139, 207, 210, 211, 221; clerestory windows, 204, 211; insets, 152, 155; transoms, 150, 155, 167, 168
glass, leaded, 189, 197, 200
glass, plate, 102, 113, 116, 117, 124, 125, 145, 148, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 156, 158, 159, 161, 167, 178, 179, 180, 181, 183, 191, 197, 205, 212, 213, 214, 216, 219, 223, 224, 226, 229, 234, 238, 239, 242, 249, 250, 251, 253, 254, 256, 257, 258, 259, 260, 261, 262
glass block, 224, 225, 260
Goodhue, Bertram Grosvenor, 196
Gothic Revival style, 135-42
grass house, Wichita, 17
Greek Revival style, 100-07
Greene, Charles Sumner, 202, 208
Greene, Henry Mather, 202, 208
grille, see door grille; window grille
Gropius, Walter, 222
guttae, 94, 98, 161, 182
gutters, 218, 240; wood, 42, 91, 109
half-timbering, 170, 195, 200, 214
hall (fireroom), 72
hand plate (door), 210, 220
handrail, twisted rope, 198; see also banister
hatch, drop, 262
header, see brick
hearth, 31, 189; ceramic-tile, 152; raised brick, 44, 238; raised flagstone, 238; slate, 263; soup, 44
hearthstone, 34, 72
heat duct, 251
hinge; butt, 32; ram’s horn, 57; strap, 30, 32, 37, 57, 73, 147; wrought-iron strap, 198, 200, 210
hinge leaf, 73
hinge pin, 73
Hitchcock, Henry-Russell, 224
ho-be, Maidu, 17
hogan, Navajo, 12, 23
Hunt, Richard Morris, 150, 177
hyphen, 78, 79, 192
impost block, 184
infill; sandstone, 125; stucco-over-stone, 124
inglenook, 165, detail 220
insets; ceramic-tile, 152; colored glass, 152, 155
insulation, 251
International style, 224-25
Ionic order, detail 98
Italian Renaissance style, 179-82
Italianate style, 143-45
jalousie, 228
jerkinhead, 138, 139, 150, 217
jetty, see overhang
Johnson, Philip, 224
joint; brace-to-collar, detail 46; lapped, 27; mortise and tenon, detail 67; recessed, 145, 154, 179, 180, 183, 185, 188
joist, 46, 61, 72, 209; attic, 67; ceiling, 119, 121, 124; end, 127, 235, 240, 246; extended, 42, 45; first-floor, 127; floor, 119; log, 112; second-floor, 127
keyhole, 37
keystone, 81, 84, 87, 88, 92, 95, 97, 180, 182, 189
foliate, 145, 154 kick, 46, 47, 212, 216
kick plate (door), 228
knee, 119, 195, 201
knob, turned, 159, 160, 161
knocker (door), 3 7
ladder, notched log, 22
latch, 73; drop, 37, 198; interior, 57
lean-to, rear, 64
Lescaze, William, 222
light, 37, 53, 54, 79, 86, 87, 221
lozenge-shape, 154, 164; transom, 33, 37, 99, 103, 105, 124; see also fanlight; sidelight; skylight
limestone, 187; rusticated, 179, 180, 183, 185, 188
linoleum, checkerboard, 225
lintel, 79, 83, 104; dentiled, 82; drip, 135, 137, 138, 141, 142, 143; flat, 94; foliate, 159; incised, 153; lipped, 100, 191; projecting, 179, 186; rough-cut stone, 168; splayed, 77, 81, 84, 92, 94, 95, 188; stone (segmented), 145 wood, 118, 124
lip (stair), 93, 101, 160, 189, 193
lock plate, 37, 221, 228
log buildings, 119-23; Cherokee cabin, 20; German/Swiss Colonial, 42; French Colonial, 59
log ends, corbeled, 171
log notches, see notches
loggia, 29, 197, 199
logs; corbeled roof, 23; cribbed, 23; quarter-round, 263; round, 119; square-hewn, 122
longhouse, Iroquois, 14
lunette, quarter-round, 201
maison de poteaux-en-terre, 52-53
maison de poteaux-sur-solle, 52, 57
mantel, 34, 44, 85, 93, 102, 103, 152, 157, 175, 189, 244, concrete, 207; log, 174; marble, 175; painted plywood, 263
mantel supports, rough-pole, 174
masonry; brick, 33, 34, 49, 91, 96, 152, 167, 188, 191, 237; brick veneer, detail 240; coursed stone, 49; fieldstone, 40, 43, 191; limestone, 181; rough-cut brownstone, 166, 168; rubblework, 33, 35, 36, 50, 51, 66, 72, 155, 182, 195, 200, 213, 217, 229, 238; stucco over brick, 194, 196, 199 white-washed brick, 243
mat house Umatilla, 16 Yokuts, 16 matting; grass or tule, 16; reed, 13, 14, 15, 20; tule or cattail, 16
McKim, Mead and White, 163, 176,188
merlon, 141, 168
metope, 85, 98
Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig, 222, 252
mobile home, 234
Moderne style, 226-27
Modernism, 253-58
modillion, 98, 181 foliate, 154
modillion course, 79, 83, 84, 85, 92, 93, 96, 103, 114, 145, 146, 154, 167, 179, 180, 183, 185, 186, 190, 193, 197, 244 molding, 54, 86, 175 bed, 94; cornice, 37, 244; crease, 73; egg-and-dart, detail 101, 105, 143, 179; guilloche, 99, 175 hip, 78; hood, 135, 137, 138, 141, 142, 143, 197; label, 136; picture, 262; plaster, 184, 187; shelf, 37, 220; spiral, 99; square-arch hood, 136
mortar, 52, 53
mortar line, 219
mortise; in joint, 67; for joists, 74
mud between posts, 55, 57
mud house; Mohave, 24; Papago, 24
mullion, 73, 99, 133, 141, 207, 259; stone, 166, 168; see also door mullion
muntin, 54, 79, 86, 87, 133
nails, 27; large-head, 235
neck (column), 98
Neff, Wallace, 249
Neoclassical style, 186-87
Neutra, Richard, 222
newel cap, 72, 145, 160
newel post, 72, 148, 159, 160
notches, detail 123; dovetail, 123; saddle, 20, 23, 59, 123, 171, 174 ; V, 42, 123; square, 123
Octagon style, 146-47
orders, basic, detail 98
oriel, 138, 141, 155, 178, 183; semicircular, 155, 192; squared, 213, 242; 3-sided, 135
oriel base; corbeled, 135, 141, 178, 183; decorative, 154, 155
oven, 31, 49
overhang, 239; deep, 42; forebay, 51; jetty, 63, 64, 71, 164, 192, 242
overmantel, 85, 152, 175 brick, 174
Palladio, Andrea, 76
paneling, crease-molded, 72
panels; ceiling, 207; arched (inset), 159; beveled, 161; canvas awning, 237; face-string, 93, 160, 189; fascia board, 156; pier, 206; pilaster, 99; plywood, 248; eared (crossetted), 156; gate, 155; grass-cloth, 220; inset, 32, 54, 73, 88, 99, 143, 161, 175, 179, 183, 189, 221, 244; particleboard, 238; pointed-arch, 139; quatrefoil, 139, 142; raised (fielded), 37, 72, 85, 88, 93, 99, 157, 161, 187; stile, 161; soffit, 101; solar collector, 250, 256, 257; sunburst, 163; tombstone, 85; wainscot, 93, 165; see also door; shutters; window
panes; diamond, 141; light or glazing, 79, 86, 87 ; lozenge, 141
parapet, 100, 104, 178, 179, 183, 186, 188, 218; shaped, 136, 168, 197, 216; stepped, 136
particleboard, asphalt-coated, 232
patera, 94, 103
pattern book designs; fences, 140; pediments, 80
pediment, 77, 78, 80, 82, 84, 85, 88, 91, 95, 101, 102, 106, 154, 179, 181, 182, 244, 261; broken, 85, 154; broken (segmented), 185; broken-arch, 83; scroll, 87; segmented, 145, 179, 192; semicircular, 197; sunburst, 156; swan’s neck, 88, 89, 155, 190, 192
pegs, 38, 46, 56, 59, 73; anchor, 18, 19; ebony, 211
pendants (drops), 63, 64, detail 65, 138, 143, 151, 158, 162, 178
pendills, see pendants
pergola, 164, 199, 209
pickets, 89, 92, 117
piers, 55, 95, 100, 182, 203, 209, 219; brick, 113, 115, 116, 117; buttress, 197, 204; cypress, 57; dwarf, 212; paneled, 206; rubblework, 216; stone, 58, 60, 61, 117; wood, 112, 126
pigeonnier, 61
pilasters, 98, 261; Corinthian, 94, 102; Doric, 84, 85, 87, 88, 89, 93, 101, 103, 104, 106, 107, 189; Ionic, 85, 96; marble, 184; paneled, 99
pinnacle, 135, 136, 138, 157, 139 178
pins, 28; drawbore, 67, 74; willow lacing, 18
pipes, metal, 262
pit house, Thompson, 22
placita, 30
plank house Ojibwa, 21; Tlingit, 21; Yurok, 21
planks; concrete, 251; diagonal, 37; horizontal, 37; vertical, 27, 37, 119; see also door; floor; shutters; siding
planter box, 182, 197, 210, 224, 262; built-in, 203, 204
planter wall, built-in, 241
plaster; adobe, 24, 25, 27, 30, 31, 125; bark and mud, 23; cast, decorative frieze, 204; molded, 154, 187, 197, 199; mud (daub), 20, 22, 23; mud and grass, 52, 53; over brick chimney, 131; over masonry foundation, 84; over metal lath, 238; over stone chimney, 84; white lime, 76; whitewashed, 25, 28, 29, 34, 45, 53, 55, 193; whitewashed adobe, 128, 130, 131
plaster ceiling panels, 207
plaster chinking, 42
plaster interior, 219
plaster molding, 184, 187
plasterboard, 223, 262, 263
plate, 46, 72, 124, 127, 235; double top, 246; front, 38, 67, 74, 83; rear, 67, 74, 83; sole, 240, 246
plate glass, see glass, plate
platform, 225; half-log, 20
plinth, 98, 184
plywood; curb, 251; mantel, 263; panels, 248; roof sheathing, 258; siding, 260; subflooring, 246; support fin, 251; wall sheathing, 246
pole; bracing, 21; butting, 119; crotched support, 17, 24; exterior bracing, 16; exterior framing, 16, 24; latia, 31; rafter, 20, 21; roof, 22, 25; smoke flap, 18, 19; steel, 239; vertical support, 20; wall, 21; see also ridge pole
pole support, forked, 16
porch, 35, 63, 82, detail 97, 112, 113, 116, 125, 126, 153, 164, 203, 205, 213, 214, 232; angled, 158; barn, 75; enclosed, 71, 204, 205; entry, 139, 148, 244; galerie, 52-53, 54-55, 58; hipped-roof, 206, 219; recessed, 106, 171, 245; recessed entry, 227, 237, 240; screened, 256, 261; shed-sided entry, 248; vorhuf, 42, 43, 4
porch flooring, plank, 52-53
porte cochere, 150, 168, 195
portholes, acrylic, 248
portico, detail 96, 101, 180, 182, 188, 191, 192; Corinthian, 92, 102, 187; Doric, 78, 81, 94, 103, 106; Ionic, 82, 96; semicircular, 96, 190; 2-story, 81, 95
Postmodernism, 259-63
posts, 34, 49, 61, 235; beveled, 125, 130, 131, 144, 159, 161; cast-iron, 107; center, 22; channeled, detail 59; crotched support, 17, 22, 25; forked, 23; king, 20, 27, 56, 151, 247; end (corner), 38, 61, 63, 64, 66, 67, 74, 75, 83, 109, 111, 124, 127, 159, 201; hanging, 89, 92 newel, see newel posts; porch, 125, 130, 131, 142, 158, 159, 170, 173, 174, 217; purlin, see purlins; queen, 38, 83, 125, 208; side, 247; veranda, 107, 144; vertical support, 16
posts-in-ground building method, 52, detail 53
Prairie School style, 203-07
prefab housing, 231-34
pueblo house, 25
pulley (window), 86
purlins, 56, 74, 83, 112; butt, 46, 67; exposed, 210; through, 46
push bar (door), 228
quarrel, 73
quarry stone, 208
quatrefoils, 135, 138, 139, 142, 175
Queen Anne style, 154-62
quoin; brick, 79; limestone, 190; stone, 81; wooden, 82
Quonset hut, 232
rafter, 38, 56, 112, 125, 232, 247, 258; bent sapling, 14; common, 46, 67, 83, 127, 146; crossed, 20; exposed, 116, 170, 174, 208, 217, 238, 256; in cornice, detail 144 pole, 20, 21; principal, 46, 67, 74, 83 rafter foot, 46
rafter tail, 53, 118, 122, 126, 128, 139, 142, 147, 212, 216; corbeled, 210; exposed, 261; scroll-sawn, 164,171
railing, 97; cast-iron, 114, 145; Chinese Chippendale, 96, 188, 244; pipe, 253; ribbed, 206; rustic-work, 171, 173; scroll-sawn, 117, 151, 153, 159, 217; steel, 227; steel pipe, 224, 226; wrought-iron, 183, 184, 193
rainspout, 25, 28, 177, see also downspout; drainpipe
ranch house, 236-38
range hood, 245
ribs, 231, 233; bowed, 210; stained walnut, 207
Richardson, Henry Hobson, 163, 166
ridge, 66, 138, 185; patterned, 158; window, 87
ridge course, 40, 45, 61, 68, 71, 114, 115, 131, 197
ridge pole, 16, 20, 21, 74, 119
ridge tiles, 166
risers, 72, 93, 101, 160, 189, 193, 262
Romanesque Revival style, 166-69
roof; barrel, 118; bell, 154, 163; conical, 136, 165, 178, 195; domed, 232, 233, 248; double-hipped, 79; double-pitched hipped, 52-53, 54-55, 60, 130; flat, 100, 156, 179, 216, 224, 226, 231, 243, 250, 253, 255; gambrel, 34, 35, 82, 97, 109, 191, 216; hexagonal, 166, 168; hipped, 29, 57, 58, 61, 70, 78, 91, 92, 95, 96, 103, 107, 113, 114, 131, 158, 160, 174, 180, 182, 190, 193, 194, 197, 203, 206, 214, 219, 240, 243, 260; mansard, 148, 149, 153, 185; pavilion, 52, 115, 193, 194; pent, 47; pitched, 36, 39, 40-41, 43, 45, 49, 59, 63, 68, 70, 75, 77, 84, 101, 106, 111, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 124, 138, 139, 142, 159, 164, 165, 178, 188, 192, 196, 200, 201, 204, 208, 212, 241, 214, 218, 229, 237, 242, 244, 245, 257, 259, 261; saltbox, 64, 66; shed, 34, 110, 116, 117, 124, 125, 126, 128, 144, 147, 153, 161, 165, 171, 174, 212, 213, 237, 239, 242, 258; sloping, 155, 163, 170, 213; see also roofing material
roof entrance, 17, 22
roof lip, 232
roof valley, 63, 66, 71, 75, 138, 185, 200, 214, 216
roof weights; crossed-pole, 20, 27; log, 16; pole, 119; stone, 118, 217
roofing material; asphalt shingles, detail 258; bark, 14, 16, 17, 21, 23; brush, 24; earth, grass, and adobe, 25; hide, tanned, 18-19; log, 20; mud plaster, 22, 23; particleboard, asphalt-coated, 232; pine needle, grass, and earth, 22; planks, vertical, 119; plywood panels, coated, 248; precast concrete, 250; reed mat, 13, 14; ribbed-tin, 107, 116, 117, 125, 142, 144, 146, 160, 170; sand, 24; sod, 23,118; split-log sheathing, 173; sprayed concrete, 249; steel sheeting, 233; tar-and-gravel, 224, 241; thatch, 17, 20, 27; tule or cattail matting, 16; see also shingles; tiles
rope, anchor, 19
roundel, 78, 143, 167, 180, 192, 196
rowlock course, 68, 70, 81, 209
rusticated stone, 145, 179, 180, 183, 185, 188
sand-roofed house, Yuman, 24
sapling tie-down, 13, 17
sash; double-hung, 40-41, detail 79, 86, 161; beveled, 156; diamond-pane, 66, 72, 73, 169; Gothic, 95; multipane, 155, 158, 161, 163, 167,168, 169; recessed 1-over-1 double-hung, 168; sliding, 257; steel, 224, 225, 226, 232, 234, 260; 1-over-1 double-hung, 145, 150, 153, 154, 156, 158, 161, 181, 183, 185, 203, 214, 216, 219, 227; 2-over-2 double-hung, 111, 113, 116, 117, 118, 122, 124, 125, 145, 148, 149, 151, 159, 179, 261; 3-over-6 double-hung, 91 4-over-4 double-hung, 118, 126, 218; 6-over-1 double hung, 164, 173, 182, 201, 217; 6-over-6 double-hung, 35, 45, 58, 71, 79, 81, 91, 92, 94, 95, 96, 97, 100, 101, 106, 121, 130, 147, 171, 188, 191, 214, 236, 242, 245, 259; 8-over-1 double-hung, 191, 212; 8-over-12 double-hung, 192; 9-over-1 double-hung, 213; 9-over-6 double-hung, 43, 106, 142,193; 9-over-9 double-hung, 93, 95, 104,109, 146, 195, 244 12-over-12 double-hung, 34, 36, 47, 82, 84,131, 192, 243; see also windows sash cord, 86
sash meeting rails, 86
Schindler, Rudolph, 222, 229
Second Empire style, 148-49
shade arbor, concrete, 239
shaft (chimney pot), 141
shaft (column), 98
shakes (split shingles), 47, 63, 64, 66, 68, 71, 75, 83, 84, 126, 130
Shaw, Richard Norman, 154, 163
sheathing; plywood roof, 258; plywood wall, 246; split-log roof, 173; wood wall, 235
sheeting; corrugated steel, 234; galvanized steel, 231, 233
shelf; built-in, 220, 225; pass-through, 262; revolving, 233
Shingle style, 163-65
shingles, 34, 79, 82, 87, 185; asphalt, 240, 257, 258, 260; banded, 165; colored hexagonal, 153; colored-slate, 218; cypress, 28, 29; diamond-patterned, 195; diamond-pattern asbestos, 219; diamond-patterned slate, 139, 142, 149; hexagonal, 167; hexagonal-shaped slate, 148; imbricated, 154, 155, 158, 161; sawtooth, 153; slate, 77, 135, 136, 155, detail 149, 155, 193, 200, 201, 214; split, 35, 36, 39, 47, 51, 63, 64, 66, 68, 75, 171, 173, 174; split cedar, 131; split cypress, 53, 54, 57, 58, 60, 61; split wood, 71, 83, 84, 91, 95, 97, 109, 111, 112, 117, 120, 121, 122, 124, 126, 130, 150, 151, 206, 209, 212, 213, 214, 217, 244, 245; waved, 164; wood, 59, 147, 158, 163, 164, 165, 182, 190, 191, 192, 194, 195, 201, 229, 237, 242, 259; see also tiles
shotgun house, 116
shoulder (in joint), 67
shutters; folding, 163; lancet-arch, 135; leaded, 105; louvered, 29, 77, 83, 91, 95, 99, 100, 102, 103, 107, 114, 117, 138, 145, 146, 159, 164, 188, 193, 194, 236, 243, 245; paneled, 35, 36, 40-41, 47, 58, 97, 106, 192, 242; plank, 52-53, 57, 217; sliding, 73; vertical plank, 33, 42, 54, 114, 115, 217, 218
sidelight, 82, 83, 92, 94, 95, 99, 103, 111, 113, 130, 142, 146
siding; beaded board, 156; board-and-batten, detail 138, 260; cedar, 253, 257 log, 20, 170, 174; sawtooth, 151; shingle, 110; softwood plank, 21; split-plank; redwood, 21; vertical log, 173; vertical plank, 21, 41, 42, 45, 50, 51, 59, 147, 242, 248, 153,237; wood, 83; see also clapboards
sills; foundation, 38, 57, 61, 67, 111, 115, 119, 121, 124, 127, 215, 240,246; window, 79, 87, 133, 141, 145
skylights, 139, 238, 253; acrylic, 248
sliders; hanging, 51, 110, 147; herringbone-patterned, 224; plate-glass, 234, 238, 239, 251, 253, 257, 258
smoke flap, 18
smoke hole, 13, 14, 18, 20, 22, 23, 27
sod house, 118
soffits, 96, 100, 102, 103, 104, 156, 182, 184, 203, 204, 206, 227, 229, 236, 259, 260; paneled, 101
solar collector panels, 250, 256, 257
sonetube, painted cardboard, 262
spandrel, 184; carved, 180, 194; scroll-sawn, 148, 150, 153, 159
Spanish Colonial style, 27-32
Spanish Revival style, 196-99
Spanish Territorial style, 128-33
spindles; beaded, 160, 162; door, 32; scroll-sawn, 133; turned, 70, 160, 162
springhouse dwelling, 45
sprocket, 46
stairs; Beaux Arts, detail 184; Colonial Revival, detail 189; Craftsman, detail 211; double, 95; Early English Colonial, detail 72; enclosed, 253; Federal, detail 93; French Revival, detail 193; Greek Revival, detail 101; Queen Anne, detail 160; Spanish Revival, detail 198
stairwall, teak, 211
stairwell, cylindrical, 253
stay bar (window), 73
Stick style, 150-53
Stickley, Gustav, 208
stickwork, 150, 261
stiles, 86, 73, 133; hanging, 32, 37, 73, 210, 221, 228; paneled, 161; shutting, 32, 37, 210, 221, 228
stilts, 20, 256
stool (window), 86
stoop, 135, 145, 148, 154, 156, 181,242; splayed, 167; wood, 231
stop, 138
stop (window), 86; label, 141
stove, 5-plate cast-iron, 44
stove room, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 47
stovepipe, 234, 249
stovewood construction, 123
strap, wrought-iron, 211
stretcher, see brick
string (stair), 72
stringers, 13, 17, 20, 22, 27
struts, 27, 38, 46, 49, 56, 74, 83, 150, 151, 153, 208, 247; beveled, 151
stucco, 146, 171, 182, 193, 200, 201, 203, 206, 210, 214, 216, 217,218; over concrete block, 260; rough, 241; whitewashed, 198
studs, 198, 235, 246; angle, 215; corner, 246; cripple, 246; full-length, 127; trimmer, 246
subfloor, concrete, 219
subflooring, 235, 240; plywood, 246
sun shelter; mesquite, 24; thatched, 17; see also sunshade
sunken floor, 22
sunshade, 227, 232, 251, 254
support fin, plywood, 251
surround, door; eared (crossetted), 102; Gibbs, 81
surround, window, 79, 86; arch, 166; eared (crossetted), 82, 187; rusticated, 181
tabby, 27
tabby wall construction, detail 28
tenon, 65; angled, 38; extended, 38; in joint, 46, 67
terrace; flagstone, 223, 239; rubblework, 191, 200
thatch, detail 17, 24; as partition, 14; cabbage palm, 27; cane, 20; palmetto, 20; prairie-grass, 17; reed, 17; threshold, 88; threshold boulders, 21; tie bar (tie-rod), 112, 193; wrought-iron, 163, 197
tiles, 216; ceramic, 152, 220, 263; clay, 40-41, 42, 43, 45, 49, 203, 205,206; clay barrel, 33,115,166, 182, 196, 199; clay floor, 198; clay mission, detail 128, 129,197; drain, 235; flat, 114,115; marble, 184; slate, 199; stone, 137; terra-cotta hollow, 219
tipi, 12, 18, detail 19
tongue (beam), 211
tower, 136, 144, 148, 153, 163, 165, 166, 168, 195
tracery, 137, 138, 141; marble, 175
transom, 47, 54, 114, 117, 124, 138, 163,199, 242; acrylic, 248; arched, 102, 145, 156, 167, 178, 180, 185, 197; colored-glass, 150, 167, 168; cusped, 136; leaded-glass, 105, 183; leaded-glass round-arched, 184; multipane, 155, 243
transom bar, 141, 167, 168
transom light, 33, 37, 99, 103, 105, 124
tread, 72, 101, 189, 193, 262
tripartite house, 40-41
truss, 215; applied, 151; king post, detail 247; openwork, 138, 150,153; Norman, detail 56; scissors, detail 247; steel, 251; “W” detail 247
truss clip, 247
Tudor Revival style, 200-01
turret, 154, 158, 178
tympanum, 82, 85, 87, 88, 95, 101, 102, 106
underlayment, felt, 258
vault, ribbed, 137
veneer, brick, 219, 235, 237, detail 240
vent, 25; barn, 41, 50, 51; cast-iron, 104, 155; decorative, 196, 197, 218; lattice, 146, 151, 153; louvered, 113, 117, 147, 149, 163, 169, 216, 232, 233, 236, 241
ventilator; adjustable translucent, 233; turbine, 250
Venturi, Robert, 252
veranda, 107, 138, 142, 144, 146, 148, 150, 151, 158, 164, 168, 191, 208; semicircular, 190; see also porch
vergeboard, see bargeboard
vinyl floor, checkerboard, 245
volute, 96, 98, 105
voussoir, 152, 167, 168, 188; narrow, 204
wainscot, 93, 165; paneled, 157, 187, 189, 244; Roman brick, 207
wall patterns; painted, 48; stenciled, 152
wall sheathing; plywood, 246; wood, 235; wallpaper, patterned, 244
walls; curved, 226; “eroded” plasterboard, 262; load-bearing, 246; retaining, 251; rubblework, 237; stone, 23
water table, 78, 81, 188; concrete, 205; molded brick, 34, 68, 70
waterproofing, 251; cement, 235
wattle-and-daub house, 20
weather vane, 75, 149, 150, 158, 163, 195, 236
weatherboard, 240
weatherboarding, see clapboards
wedge (beam), 211
widow’s walk, 96
wigwam, Algonquian, 13, 15
window; arched, 159, 201, 213; awning, 234, 241; bull’s-eye, 37; clerestory, 207, 257, 258, 259, 260; colored-glass clerestory, 204, 211; diamond-pane pivoting, 206; Early English Colonial, detail 73; elliptical, 97; eyebrow, 100, 104,106; fixed, 73; fixed multipane picture, 237, 240; Georgian, detail 87; Gothic Revival, detail 141; grouped, 212, 217, 218; half-round, 92, 95, 106, 259; hopper, 229, 232, 239, 249; jalousie, 227, 241; lancet-arch, 148; multipanel, 156; oval, 181; paired, 170, 174, 213; paired arched, 144, 181; Palladian, 82, 92, 181, 191; picture, 208, 237, 240; pivoting, 206, 229, 232, 239, 240, 249; plate-glass picture, 242, 249, 250; porthole, 227, 233; Prairie School, detail 207; recessed, 253; ribbon, 195, 204, 208; segmented-arch, 145; stepped, 218, 224; triangular, 245; triple, 158; see also bay; casement; dormer; light; oriel; sash; transom
window grating, 28, 29
window grille, 50, detail 133; cast-iron, 145; rails of, 133; ventilating, 73; wrought-iron, 179, 184, 185, 188; window hood, 161, 233; window rail, 73, 86; window ridge, 87
Wright, Frank Lloyd, 202, 203
zaguan, 30
ziggurat, 263

Sources Cited
Carley, Rachel. The Visual Dictionary of American Domestic Architecture. New York, NY: Henry Holt and Company, 1997.