Pictorial Encyclopedia of Historic Architectural Plans (1923)

The Pictorial Encyclopedia of Historic Architectural Plans, Details and Elements with 1,880 Line Drawings of Arches, Domes, Doorways, Facades, Gables, Windows, etc. by John Theodore Haneman was first published in 1923 by The Architectural Book Publishing Co. An unabridged and unaltered republication was made by Dover Publications in 1984.

Subject Tabulation
Aisles Seating
Amphitheatres Seating
Approaches Plazas
Arcades Arcades
Arches Arches
Auditoriums Seating
Aqueducts Bridges
Balconies Balconies
Balustrades Parapets
Bays Bays
Belfries Towers
Bridges Bridges
Buttresses Buttresses
Canopies Doorways, Porches, Roofs, Wall-Treatment
Cascades Fountains
Ceilings Ceilings
Chateau d’Eaux Fountains
Chimneys Chimneys
Columns Columns
Colonnades Colonnades, Arches
Communications Stairs, Vestibules
Copings Parapets, Wall-Treatment
Cornices Wall-Treatment
Corbels Wall-Treatment
Courts Courts
Crenellations Parapets, Wall-Treatment
Cupolas Domes
Domes Domes, Towers
Doorways Doorways, Porches, Wall-Treatment
Dormers Dormers
Facades Facades, Bays, Pavilions, Towers
Fire Places Fire Places
Fountains Fountains
Foyers Vestibules
Gardens Gardens
Gateways Gateways, Arches, Doorways
Gables Gables, Wall-Treatment
Hoods Hoods, Doorways, Fire Places, Porches
Lobbies Vestibules
Loggias Arcades, Porches
Mantels Fire Places
Niches Wall-Treatment
Openings Arches, Doorways, Windows
Panels Ceilings
Parapets Parapets
Parterres Gardens
Pavilions Pavilions
Pedestals Pedestals
Pediments Doorways, Windows, Wall-Treatment
Pendentives Vaults
Plans Plans
Plazas Plazas
Porches Porches
Portals Arches, Gateways, Porches
Quays Plazas
Quoins Wall-Treatment
Ramps Stairs
Roofs Roofs, Domes, Towers
Rostrums Balconies
Seating Seating
Shelters Pavilions
Spires Towers
Stairs Stairs
Towers Towers
Triumphal Arches Arches
Turrets Towers
Vaults Vaults
Vestibules Vestibules
Viaducts Bridges
Wall-Treatment Wall-Treatment, Buttresses, Doorways, Facades, Gables, Parapets, Porches, Windows
Wells Fountains
Windows Windows, Dormers


Arcades: The common use of the term arcade, is for a considerable number of arches used structurally or decoratively in some architectural composition.

  1. An arcade of piers. Plan showing the pier and column in combination.
  2. Alternating piers and columns.
  3. Arcade of columns, also grouped alternating with piers.
  4. Arcade with an engaged order.
  5. Arcade with a coupled engaged order.
  6. Arcades interrupted with piers.
  7. Arcades interrupted with piers.
  8. Piers and columns staggered in plan.
  9. An arcade with interlacing arches.
  10. An interior arcade of columns between peirs with vertical emphasis.
  11. An arcade wherein a smaller one is combined.
  12. Large and small columns combined in an interlacing arcade.
  13. An arcade on an incline.
  14. An arcade with a smaller similar motive superimposed in the pier space.
  15. Superimposed arches in an arcade.
  16. An arcade within a large arch motive.
  17. Superimposed arcades with pointed arches. Columns above piers.
  18. Superimposed arcades, columns above column-piers.
  19. Superimposed engaged orders with arcades between.
  20. Superimposed engaged orders with arcades between.
  21. A colonnade between orders with a smaller similar motive above but with twice the number of arches.
  22. Superimposed coupled arches in an arcade motive.
  23. A small arcade motive with a larger one above.
  24. Small arcades, pointed arches upon columns, above one another.
  25. Superimposed arcades of five stories.
  26. Superimposed arcades with orders in a facade composition.


  1. Archaic examples of openings with corbeled heads, but not true arches.
  2. Archaic examples of openings with corbeled heads, but not true arches.
  3. Archaic examples of openings with corbeled heads, but not true arches.
  4. A curved lintel springing from corbels. “Bell arch.”
  5. Carved head corbels, not a true arch.
  6. Primitive form of true arch.
  7. Earliest use of the keystone.
  8. A “Flat arch” with a segmental “Relieving arch.”
  9. Pointed arches. “Equilaterial,” “Lancet,” “Drop.” 9a. With dissimilar intrados and extrados. “Tuscan arch.”
  10. A “Round headed arch” with voussoirs.
  11. A “Three centered arch,” or “Basket-handle arch.”
  12. A “Flat arch.”
  13. A “Stilted arch,” in which the center is higher than the impost of the arch.
  14. A “Hourse-shoe arch,” in which the opening is greater than a semi circle.
  15. A pointed “Four centered arch.” “Tudor arch.”
  16. “Skew sided arches.”
  17. Pointed “Foiled,” or “Cusped arches.”
  18. Pointed “Foiled,” or “Cusped arches.”
  19. A pointed horse-shoe arch. “Indian,” or “Persian arch.”
  20. An “Ogee arch” with curves of counter flexture.
  21. Variations of arch outlines.
  22. Variations of arch outlines.
  23. Variations of arch outlines.
  24. Semi circular extrados with an irregularly ornamented intrados.
  25. Interlaced horse-shoe arches.
  26. Interlaced arches composed of cusps, points and rounds.
  27. Interlacing cusped and horse-shoe arches in combination.
  28. Superimposed arches, a horse-shoe arch above a multi-foil cusped arch.
  29. Concentric round headed arches.
  30. Superimposed pointed arches with elaborated cuspings.

The Commemorative of Triumphal arch, as its title indicates, was a composition of one or more arches, serving as a monument, commemorative of some particular occurrence, or as a gate, through which the ancient triumphal processions proceeded.

  1. A single opening with a composition of horizontal bands.
  2. A mass with a single opening in which the order, an attic and statuary are introduced at the corners for embellishment.
  3. Coupled orders and statuary flanking an opening.
  4. Two pyramidal masses flanking an opening.
  5. An order and attic composition froming a single opening, but with greater emphasis at the opening, obtained by projection.
  6. Coupled orders and attic flanking an opening.
  7. Orders flanking an opening with a superimposed lesser order in an attic.
  8. Superimposed orders in composition with a single opening.
  9. Orders and horizontal bands about a single opening with a double attic for central emphasis.
  10. A pylon with a small similar one about a single opening.
  11. Superimposed orders in composition with a single opening.
  12. Superimposed orders in composition with a single opening.
  13. Two openings in a large mass separated by a column.
  14. Two openings in a mass crowned with a cornie, arcaded and colonnaded attics respectively.
  15. Coupled orders flanking two openings, the mass emphasized at the corners in the upper part by single orders, the whole crowned with a cornice and attic.
  16. Two openings with pedimented orders in a composition with an enriched attic.
  17. Three openings in a simple mass, with the central opening made greater and more important by projecting beyond the main mass.
  18. A large opening flanked by small ones in a simple mass in a composition of panels, high relief and an entablature.
  19. Pyramidal flanking masses with small central openings and a small central motive with the greater opening.
  20. A mass with a large central opening and a smaller one at each side, bands at the spring of the central arch, architrave and corner emphasis with an entablature and an attic.
  21. Orders framing triple openings. The central arch being higher and further emphasized with a pediment. Carving in high relief upon the surface. The whole terminated with attic and triple pedestals supporting statuary.
  22. A large central and smaller side arches within an order composition, with an attic and group of statuary at the center.
  23. Three equal openings in an order and attic composition, the center emphasized with a statuary group at the top.
  24. Three openings within coupled orders, flanking pedimented niches for statuary; a simple attic terminating the whole.
  25. Four openings in an oblong mass, crowned with a colonnaded arcade supporting an attic.





The balcony is a platform projecting from the wall of a building, enclosed by a parapet or balustrade and supported upon brackets, corbels, projecting members of wood, metal, or masonry.

  1. A rostrum within an arch and at the head of a flight of steps.
  2. A rostrum in front of an opening and at the head of a flight of steps on each side.
  3. A covered rostrum at the head of a flight of steps.
  4. A covered rostrum at the head of a flight of steps.
  5. The landing at the head of a semi-circular flight of steps serving as a rostrum.
  6. A pulpit attached to the side of a column with steps spiraling around the shaft.
  7. A balacony supported upon column.s
  8. Superimposed balconies supported upon arches.
  9. A balcony placed in a wall niche.
  10. A free standing pulpit supported by columns.
  11. A balcony incorporated in the facade of a building.
  12. A metal balcony with a metal support.
  13. A metal balcony within a window reveal.
  14. A balcony with masonry parapet supported upon a masonry base.
  15. A masonry balcony supported upon arches corbeled beyond the wall face.
  16. A balustered balcony supported upon brackets projecting beyond the surface of the wall.
  17. Two-storied metal balconies resting upon metal brackets.
  18. An enclosed or screened balcony upon a bracket.
  19. A balcony at the corner of a building supported by a column.
  20. A corner balcony supported upon corbeled arches.
  21. A corner balcony supported upon brackets.


The bay is an architectural motive of one or more stories repeated laterally in a facade. Also a recess or opening in walls.

Dealing with three storied motives.

Dealing with four stories and more


Dealing with interior motives.


A bridge is a structure spanning more or less of a depression, and used as a means of communication from ridge to ridge.

  1. A bridge with lintels spanning piers.
  2. A single span, masonry or metal foot bridge.
  3. A single span masonry bridge with steps.
  4. A covered single span bridge from one building to another.
  5. A covered single span bridge, a flight of steps within an arcade.
  6. A double span bridge with a central pier support and side embankments.
  7. A triple span bridge with pier supports.
  8. A triple span covered bridge, with arcades on either side of a driveway.
  9. A triple span bridge communicating between two levels with a monumental treatment of colonnades, pediments, and stairs.
  10. A many spanned pier bridge roofed and arcaded.
  11. A many spanned pier bridge with covered arcades at either side of the roadway, and with particular emphasis at the ends.
  12. A triple span bridge with embellished piers.
  13. Many spanned bridges with various arch and pier treatments.
  14. Many spanned bridges with various arch and pier treatments.
  15. Many spanned bridges with various arch and pier treatments.
  16. Span bridges with various fortified tower compositions.
  17. Span bridges with various fortified tower compositions.
  18. Span bridges with various fortified tower compositions.
  19. A pier bridge with ornamental emphasis at the piers.
  20. A pier bridge of many spans with interlacing arches, large and small roadways enclosed within an arcade.
  21. A pier bridge of many spans with dwellings flanking the roadway.
  22. Spans upon piers where great height is necessary.
  23. A single roadway above superimposed arches.
  24. Superimposed arcades with three roadways.
  25. Arched spans with an arcade above supporting the roadway.
  26. A wall used as a bridge with variously shaped openings to lighten the masonry.
  27. Superimposed arches with lateral buttressing at the piers, supporting a roadway divided by an arcade supporting another roadway at a higher level.
  28. Superimposed arcades supporting roadways.

Dealing with wood and metal types, also with metal and masonry compositions.

  1. A wooden truss bridge for a small span.
  2. Wooden truss bridges for medium sized spans.
  3. Wooden truss bridges for medium sized spans.
  4. A meal truss bridge.
  5. A three span metal truss bridge resting upon masonry piers.
  6. A wooden bow-bridge with spile supports.
  7. A segmental arch of wooden trusses with masonry abutments.
  8. A wooden segmental arch with wooden abutments upon masonry piers.
  9. A bow-bridge of wood, metal or masonry.
  10. A segmental-arch type of metal plates and columns with ornamental approach of masonry.
  11. Segmental-arch type built up of metal trusses and with lattice built up columns supporting the roadway. Masonry pier foundations.
  12. A segmental-arch type of metal plates and columns with ornamental approach of masonry.
  13. A span bridge of metal trusses with masonry piers, the roadway supported by the lower curve of the segment.
  14. The roadway supported by a built up metal piers and spans, resting upon masonry shoes.
  15. A combination of truss and span-bridge with metal members.
  16. A combination of cantilever and truss bridges of metal.
  17. A suspended bridge built of metal links.
  18. A combination of cantilever and suspension.
  19. A suspension bridge with masonry archors and pylons.
  20. A combination of suspension and span, with masonry anchors and piers and metal pylons.
  21. Truss spans combined with a cantilever.
  22. A suspension bridge with metal pylons and intermediate supports, between the masonry anchors and start of the span.
  23. A suspension bridge with masonry anchors, pylons and piers.
  24. A combination of suspension and swing bridge with masonry anchors and towers.
  25. Showing the mechanical principle of the swing bridge, the roadway lifting vertically.
  26. The swing bridge with one end rotating about a pivot.
  27. The swing bridge with a pivoted center.
  28. The swing bridge with a fixed end.

Chateau d’Eaux
Fire Places


  1. A symmetrical plaza between lateral approaches.
  2. A symmetrical plaza with axial approaches.
  3. A symmetrical plaza with an axial approach and another at right angles at one end.
  4. A circular plaza with diagonal approaches.
  5. A circular plaza with radial approaches of varying importance.
  6. A circular plaza with axial, diagonal and an end lateral approach.
  7. A dissymmetrical plaza with corner approaches.
  8. A symmetrical plaza with approaches at the corners.
  9. An oblong plaza with a semi-circular end and end diagonal approaches giving balance to a dissymmetrical scheme.
  10. An oblong plaza with parallel lateral approaches and an end axial one.
  11. A dissymmetrical scheme with an attempt at balance.
  12. An unbalanced scheme, but with a feature giving more or less a sense of blance.
  13. A symmetrical plaza with balanced diagonal approaches at the ends.
  14. An irregular oblong plaza, with a secondary balanced scheme therein.
  15. A symmetrical triangular plaza with corner diagonal approaches.
  16. An oblong plaza in combination with a smaller one of irregular outline, with balanced approaches to the larger.
  17. Intersecting approaches forming a small plaza.
  18. A balanced scheme with end diagonal approaches and end lateral approaches.
  19. An elliptical plaza with balanced approaches.

Dealing with groups and different levels.

  1. A plaza of irregular outline, about an edifice, with the main approaches terminating with this edifice.
  2. A balanced lateral and oblong plaza in combination.
  3. A balance scheme with diagonal end approaches and an axial one.
  4. A plaza with semi-circular ends, with balanced approaches.
  5. An ecnlosed plaza with an approach from one end.
  6. An edifice in an irregularly shaped open space, balanced by a lesser motive on axis.
  7. A balanced semi-circular plaza, with secondary streets following the outline.
  8. A balanced plaza with dissimilar lateral and end approaches.
  9. A balanced plaza with approaches from three sides, with a feature terminating the approaches.
  10. Three plazas in a composition forming a balanced whole.
  11. A balanced plaza with stairway approaches.
  12. Upper and lower plazas with lateral stairway approaches.
  13. A plaza with a direct stairway approach and with lateral ramps.
  14. Upper and lower plazas between an ascending roadway.
  15. A balanced plaza at the summit of an ascending roadway and a monumental flight of steps and ramps.
  16. A plaza between salients of a building and a bridge head, with lateral communication to a lower level.
  17. A flight of steps and side ramps leading to a semi-circular plaza at a higher level.


Triumphal Arches


The vestibule is an intermediate chamber or passage between the entrance and interior or court of a building, serving as a shelter or place of accommodation.

  1. Vestibules with direct access from the exterior to a single chamber.
  2. Vestibules with direct access from the exterior to a single chamber.
  3. Vestibules with direct access from the exterior to a single chamber.
  4. Flanking stairs subordinated to an entrance motive.
  5. Vestibules with direct access from the exterior to a single chamber.
  6. Vestibules with direct access from the exterior to a single chamber.
  7. Vestibules with direct access from the exterior to a single chamber.
  8. Vestibules with direct access from the exterior to a single chamber.
  9. A vestibule with lateral communications.
  10. A dissymmetrical composition.
  11. Vestibules with symmetrical openings.
  12. Vestibules with symmetrical openings.
  13. An example of a common vestibule for two buildings.
  14. Minor lateral openings before a main entrance.
  15. Minor lateral openings before a main entrance.
  16. Two important lateral openings flanking a minor one.
  17. Minor lateral openings before a main entrance.
  18. Flanking stairs subordinated to an entrance motive.
  19. A vestibule serving two side corridors and an inner court.
  20. A vestibule with two minor entrances flanking a main motive, with a preliminary vestibule for control.


  1. A passage serving as vestibule for two separate buildings.
  2. Three openings arrange symmetrically with the lateral ones of greater importance.
  3. A balanced arrangement of openings with dissymmetrical stairs.
  4. A vestibule as an independent composition with lateral ones of lesser importance.
  5. An exterior arcade used as a vestibule.
  6. A series of vestibules of varying importance in combination.
  7. Balanced motives for flanking stairs, in a building or serving two buildings.
  8. Balanced motives for flanking stairs, in a building or serving two buildings.
  9. The main vestibule serving as a passage and serving secondary lateral openings.
  10. A vestibule with surrounding corridors, with dominant lateral emphasis.
  11. An important architectural feature screening a balanced vestibule motive, which is itself placed off axis.
  12. A vestibule with eight balanced openings.
  13. A vestibule as a large chamber serving a concealed stair and a corridor.
  14. A colonnaded vestibule between cloistered means of communication.