Old House Dictionary (1994)

Contents

  • Introduction
  • Terms and deffinitions
  • Cross references
  • Resources
  • Index

Glossary

abacus
abutment
acanthus
accessories
Adam
alcove
American bond
American common bond
anchor
anchor bolts
angle posts
ante-chamber
anteroom
anthemion
apophyge
apron
Arabesque
arcade
arcaded corbel table
arch
arch bricks
architrave
archivolt
areaway
arris
Art Deco
Art Moderne
artistic concrete block
asbestos shingles
asbestos-cement siding
ash dump
ash pit
ashlar
ashlar masonry
ashlar veneer
asphalt prepared roofing
asphalt roll brick siding
asphalt siding
asphalt tile
astragal
attic
Attic
awning window
backfill
backing
bagnette
baguette
balconet
balcony
ball and flower
ballflower
balloon framing
baluster
balustrade
band
banded column
banister
bar
bargeboard
barrel vault
base
base cap
base molding
base shoe
base shoe molding
baseboard
baseboard shoe
basement
basket weave
bathroom
bats
batten
batten door
battered wall
battled
bay
bay leaf band
bay leaf garland
bay window
bead
bead and quirk
bead and reel
bead joint
beaded joint
beading
beam
bearer
bearing partitions
bearing wall
Beaux Arts
bed
bedroom
belcast eaves
belcast gambrel roof
belcast hip roof
belt course
belvedere
bent glass
bevel siding
beveled glass
beveled joint with wedges
beveled scarf
birdsmouth
black paper
block bridging
block flooring
blocked
blocked joint
blocking
board and batten siding
board lath
bolection molding
borning room
boss
Boston hip
Boston hip roof
Boston ridge
bottom rail
boulder ditch
bow window
bower
bowtell
box cornice
box joint
box stair
brace
braced door
braced framing
bracketed stair
brackets
brick
brick adobes
brick bonded cavity wall
brick facing
brick masonry foundation wall
brick surface
brick type
brick veneer
bridging
bridle joint
brilliant cut
broached
broken apex pediment
broken ashlar
broken bed pediment
broken range work
brown coat
brownstone
brush hammered
building paper
built-up girder
bulkhead door
bullnose bricks
bull’s eye
bungaloid
bungalow
butt joint
buttery
button
cabinet
cable molding
cabling
canale
canopy
cant molding
cantilever
cap
capital
carpet strip
carriage
carrier
cartouche
carved bricks
carved brickwork
cased post
casement
casement door
casement window
casing
catslide
catstep
caulking
cavetto
cavity wall
ceiling
ceiling joists
ceiling medallion
ceiling panels
cellar
cement
cement mortar
center
centerpiece
ceramic tile flooring
chair rail
chamber
chamfer
channel
chapiter
Chateauesque
check rail
chevron
chimney
chimney back
chimney bar
chimney breast
chimney cap
chimney corner
chimney flue
chimney hood
chimney lining
chimney post
chimney pot
chimney shaft
chimneypiece
chipped glass
Christian door
cinder block
circular arch
circular stair
cistern
cladding
clapboard
clay tile flooring
clean out door
close string
closed stair
closed string
closet
cobblestone veneer
cobweb rubble
cocking
coffered ceiling
coffering
cogged joint
cogging
coins
coin-stones
cold-process roofing
collar beam
collar beam roof
collar roof
colonette
colonial panel door
Colonial Revival
colonnade
colonnaded porch
colossal column
column
comb roof
common bond
common bricks
common rafter
common room
compass roof
composite order
composition roofing
composition shingles
compound arch
concave joint
concrete
concrete block
concrete brick
concrete flooring
conductor
conductor head
conical roof
conservatory
console
coping
corbel
corbel arch
corbel table
corbeled arch
corbelling
corbel-step
corbiestep
cordon
Corinthian order
cork tile
corkscrew stair
corner block paterae
corner boards
corner post
corner turret
cornice
cornice return
corona
corridor
corrugated steel roofing
coupled columns
coupled windows
course
coursed range work
court
cove
cove ceiling
cove molding
crandelled
crawl space
crenelated moldings
crenelation
crenels
crest
cresting
cricket
cripple
cripple rafters
cross and bible door
cross bridging
cross gable
cross vault
cross-lap joint
crown
crown molding
crowstep
cull
cupboard
cupola
cupped gable
curb roof
curb string
curtain wall
curvilinear gable
cut glass
cut roof
cutaway corner
cut-out
cylindrical vault
cyma recta
cyma reversa
dado
dado and rabbet
dado joint
dado rail
damper
date stone
deadlight
decorative half-timbering
den
denticulated
dentils
dependency
depressed arch
diamond fret
diamond notch
diaper
diaper work
Dichromatic brickwork
die
discharging arch
division bar
dogleg stair
dog-tooth
dog-tooth course
dome
door
door casing
door head
door saddle
door sill
door stop
door trees
door trim
door window
doorcheeks
doorframe
doorjambs
doorposts
Doric order
dormant tree
dormer
dormer windows
double diagonal door
double header
double hung window
double notch
double quirked bead
double saddle notch
dovetail
dovetail half-lap joint
dovetail joint
dovetail notch
dovetailed joint
doweling
downspout
draft
draintile
drip
drip cap
drip hood mold
dripping eaves
dripstone course
drop
drop ornament
drop siding
drops
drove work
dry-pressed bricks
Dutch Colonial
Dutch door
Dutch gable
Dutch hip roof
Dutch roof
ease
easement
Eastern Stick
eave
eave trough
eaves fascia
echinus
Eclecticism
edge roll
egg and dart
elbow board
elephantine columns
ell
elliptical arch
embattled
embattled moldings
embellishment
embrasure
embrasures
enameled bricks
encaustic
end
end-matched flooring
engaged column
English bond
English cross bond
English garden-wall bond
enrichment
entablature
entasis
entrance hall
entry
equilateral arch
etched glass
Exotic Revivals
extrados
eyebrow dormer
eyelid dormer
façade
face
face bricks
face stones/bricks
facework
facing
facing bricks
false rafter
false tongue
fanlight
fascia
fascia board
feather
Federal
felt and gravel roofing
felt paper
fenestration
festoon
field stone
figure
figured rolled glass
fillet
fine pointed work
finger joint
finish coat
finished string
fire frame
fireboard
firebrick
fireplace
fished joint
fishplate
fixed light
fixed sash
flagstone
flank
flanking window
flashed glass
flashing
flat arch
flat roof
Flemish bond
fleur-de-lis
flier
flight of stairs
floor joists
floor molding
floorboards
flooring
flue
flue lining
flush bead
flush door
flush joint
fluting
foliation
Folk Victorian
footing
foundation
foundation plate
foundation walls
four centered arch
foyer
frame construction
framework
framing system
French arch
French Colonial
French door
French drain
French tile
French window
fret
frieze
frontier door
full framing
full-dovetail
furring
furring strips
gable
gable dormer
gable roof
gable trim
gableboard
gablet
gain
gallery
galleting
galvanized iron
gambrel
gambrel roof
gambrel roof with belcast eaves
garderobe
garland
garret
gauged bricks
gazebo
geometrical stair
Georgian
gingerbread
girder
girt
girt strip
glass
glazed bricks
glazing
glazing bar
glue chip glass
gooseneck
Gothic Revival
grade
grade beam
gravel roofing
Greek key
Greek tile
grille
groin vault
groined vault
groundsill
grunsill
guilloche
gusset
gusseted W-type truss
guttae
gypsum lath
half notch
half round
half span roof
half-bath
half-dovetail
half-glass door
half-lap joint
half-lap miter
half-lap scarf
half-lapped scarf
half-timbering
hall
hall chamber
halved joint
halved splice with wedges
halved-and-lapped notch
hand-made bricks
handrail scroll
handrail wreath
hanger
hanging stile
hatch
hatchway
haunch
having joint
head
head jamb
head mold
header
headers
heading joint
hearth
heel
herringbone
herringbone brickwork
hip
hip and valley roof
hip gambrel roof
hip jack
hip knob
hip rafter
hip roll
hip roof
hip roof with belcast eaves
hip roof with gablet
hipped gable
hipped roof
hollow masonry wall
hollow molding
hollow newel stair
hollow square molding
hollow tile
hollow wall
honeycomb brickwork
honeysuckle ornament
hood
hood mold
hood molding
hopper window
horse
housed joint
housed string
housing
imbrication
inglenook
inlaid work
inner hearth
inscription stone
inside casing
International
intrados
inverted arch
Ionic order
Italian Renaissance
Italianate
jack arch
jack rafter
jack rafters
jambs
jerkinhead
jet
jetty
jigsaw ornament
joinery
joint
jointing
joists
keeping room
kerfing
key pattern
keystone
king closer
king post truss
kiss marks
knee brace
knock-heads
laminated block flooring
lancet arch
lancet window
landing
landing newel
lantern
lap joint
lap siding
larder
lath
lattice window
latticework
leaded glass
leader
leader head
leaf
lean-to
lean-to roof
ledge and miter
ledged door
ledger strip
let-in bracing
light
lime mortar
linoleum
lintel
Liverpool bond
load-bearing wall
lock corner
lock corner joint
lock miter
lock rail
locking stile
loft
lookouts
louver
lozenge
lozenge molding
lug sill
lunette
Lutheran window
machined
mansard roof
mantel
mantelpiece
mantelshelf
manteltree
margin
margin light
masonry
masonry veneer
matched flooring
medallion
meeting rail
membrane roofing
Merlons
metal ceiling
metal roofing
metal shingles
metope
mid-lap joint
Mission
mission tile
miter
miter joint
moasic work
modillions
molded bricks
molded brickwork
molded rake board
molding
mopboard
Moresque
mortant
mortar
mortise and tenon
mosaic
moulding
mudsill
mullion
multiple roof
munnion
muntin
munton bar
mutules
neck
Neoclassical
New England Colonial
newel
newel cap
newel post
niche
nogging
non load-bearing partitions
nonbearing partition
nonbearing wall
nosing
notching
novelty siding
nursery
o.c.
octagon
oculus
offset gable
ogee molding
on center
one-third running board
open bed pediment
open cornice
open newel stair
open stair
open string
open string stair
open topped pediment
open-well stair
order
oriel window
ornamental plasterwork
ornaments
oundy molding
outbuilding
outer hearth
outlet ventilator
outshot
overhang
overmantel
ovolo
Palladian window
pane
panel
paneled door
paneling
pantile
pantry
parapet
parge work
parget
pargetting
parging
parlor
parlor chamber
parquetry
parting strip
partition
passage
passageway
patent-hammered
patera
paterae
patio
patterned brickwork
pavilion
pearl molding
pedestal
pediment
pedimented entrance door
pedimented window hood
peg
pendant
pent roof
pergetting
pergeuring
piazza
pier
pier foundation
piers
pilaster
pile
pile foundation
pilings
pillars
pin
pins
pise
pitched roof
pitch-faced
pivoted casement
pivoted window
plain field stone
plain joint
plain miter joint
plancier
plank flooring
planks
plaster
plaster base
plaster board
plate glass
plates
platform framing
plinth
plinth block
pocket
pointed arch
pointed work
pointing
polished finish
polychromatic brickwork
porch
porte-cochere
portico
Portland cement
post
post and pier foundation
post bracket
post flare
poured concrete foundation wall
Prairie
prepared roofing
prick post
principal rafter
projecting gable
protected light wood frame construction
Pueblo Revival
puncheon
purlins
pyramidal hipped roof
pyramidal roof
quarrel
quarter notch
quatro round
Queen Anne
Queen Anne window
queen post truss
quirk
quirk bead
quirk molding
quirked bead
quoins
rabbet
rabbeted joint
rabbeted ledge and miter
rabbeted miter
rafter tail
rafters
rail
rain cut joint
rainwater head
raised fillet
rake
raked joint
raked molding
raked-out joint
raking cornice
raking stretcher bond
ramp
random range ashlar
random range work
random rubble
random work
rat-trap bonded wall
ready roofing
rebate
recessed bead
relieving arch
repousse
repressed bricks
resilient flooring
retaining wall
reticulated molding
return
return bead
return nosing
reveal
reverse ogee molding
ribbon board
ribbon board
ribbon strip
Richardsonian Romanesque
ridge beam
ridge board
ridge cap
ridge capping
ridge covering
ridge pole
ridge roll
ridge roof
ridge row lap
ridgecap
rinceau
ringed column
riprap
riser
rock lath
rock-faced
rodded joint
roll molding
roll roofing
rolled figured glass
rolled roofing
rolled strip roofing
Roman tile
rondel
roof covering
roof truss
roofed ingle
roofing tile
rope molding
rose
rosette
rough pointed work
rough stringer
roughly squared masonry
round arch
round notch
roundel
rowlock
rozette
rubbed bricks
rubbed finish
rubber tile
rubble drain
rubble masonry foundation wall
rubblework
running dog
rustic bricks
rustic work
rusticated column
rustication
saddle coping
sailing course
saltbox
sandblasted glass
sash
sash bar
sash door
sawn wood ornament
scab
scallop
scantling
scarf
scarf joint
scotia
scratch coat
screen
screen door
scroll
scroll molding
scrollwork
scrubboard
scuttle
Second Empire
segmental arch
semicircular arch
semilunate notch
serrate
shaft
shakes
shale
sheadhead
sheathing
shed dormer
shed roof
sheet iron roofing
sheet metal roofing
sheeting
sheetrock
shell
shingle
shingle ridge finish
shingles
shiplap
shoe
shoe molding
shouldered dovetail
shouldered housed joint
show rafter
shutter boxes
shutters
shutting stile
side
side light
siding
sill
sill plate
sima recta
sima reversa
simple truss
single notch
sitting room
skewback
slab flooring
slab foundation
slab-on-grade foundation
slab-on-ground foundation
slamming stile
slate shingles
sleepers
sliding door
sliding sash
sliding window
slip feather
slip joint
slip sill
slip tongue
smoke chamber
smoke shelf
smooth joint
snow guard
soffit
soffit panels
soldier arch
sole plate
solid batten door
solid block flooring
solid bridging
Southern Colonial
spall
spandrel
Spanish Colonial
Spanish tile
spanpiece
sparpiece
spindled porch frieze
spindlework
spiral stair
spiral staircase
splice
spline
spline joint
splined miter
split field stone
springer
springing tree
square notch
squint bricks
stack bond
stained glass
stair
stair well
staircase
stairway
starting newel
stenciling
step brackets
stickwork
stile
stilted arch
stirrup
stone bricks
stone dressing
stone masonry
stone veneer
stonework
stool
stool casing
stoop
stop
straight arch
strapwork
stretcher bond
stretching bond
string
stringcourse
stringer
strip flooring
strip slates
struck joint
structural clay tile
strut
stucco
studding
studio
studs
study
subfloor
subrail
summer
summer beam
summer kitchen
summer tree
summerhouse
sunburst
sunk bead
sunk fillet
surbase
swag
swelled chamfer
tabled scarf
tapered columns
tapered pillars
tapered posts
tar paper
tenon
terne-plate
terrace roof
terron
terrones
three centered arch
threshold
tie
tie beam
tie plate
tile
timber frame construction
timber framing
tin ceiling
tin roofing
tinning
tin-plate
toe joint
toenailing
tongue
tongue and groove
tongue and lip joint
tongue and rabbet
tongued miter
tooled work
tooth chiseled work
top beam
top plate
top rail
torus
tower
T-plate
tracery
transom
transom bar
transom light
transom sill
transom window
trapdoor
trayle
tread
tread return
trellis
trellis work
trenail
triglyphs
trim
trimmer
trochilus
true scraft joint
truncated roof
truss
trussed rafter
Tudor
tunnel vault
turned and chiseled work
turned wood ornament
turn-out easement
turret
Tuscan order
tusk
tusk and tenon joint
twisted column
twisted rope
tympanum
underpinning
undulating molding
unit block flooring
urn
valley
valley jack
valley rafter
valve
vane
vault
vega
vegas
veneer
Venetian window
ventilator
veranda
vergeboard
vermiculated work
vermiculation
vestibule
vignette
vinette
Vitruvian scroll
V-notch
volute
voussoir
V-shaped joint
w.c.
waggon vault
wagon vault
wainscot
wainscotting
wall dormer
wall plate
wall sheathing
wall string
wall tie bonded cavity wall
wall ties
wallpaper
washboard
water closet
water leaf
water table
wave molding
weather joint
weather molding
weather strip
weather stripping
weather vane
weatherboarding
weathered joint
wellhole
Western Stick
wheel window
wind beam
winder
winding stair
window
window bar
window board
window casing
window frame
window glass
window guard
window light
window pane
window sill
window stool
window stop
window trim
wing
winglight
wire glass
wire lath
wire-cut bricks
wood flooring
wood frame construction
wood shakes
wreath
wreathed column
zigzag
zoning code
Z-pattern door

Cross Reference

Framing

Roof and roof trim

Stair

Walls

Floors

Arches

Columns and classical elements

Windows

Foundations

Ceilings

Rooms / Spaces

Decorative elements

Joinery

Fireplace

Masonry

Doors

Styles (of architecture)

New England Colonial (1600-1700)
Southern Colonial (1600-1700)
Spanish Colonail (1600-1900)
Dutch Colonial (1625-1830)
French Colonial (1700-1830)
Georgian (1700-1780)
Federal (1780-1830)
Greek Revival (1825-1860)
Gothic Revival (1830-1880)
Exotic Revivals (1835-1930)
Italianate (1840-1880)
Octagon (1850-1870)
Second Empire (1855-1890)
Eastern Stick (1860-1900)
Chateauesque (1860-1910)
Folk Victorian (1870-1915)
Colonial Revival (1870-1950)
Queen Anne (1880-1910)
Shingle (1880-1915)
Beaux Arts (1885-1925)
Western Stick (1890-1920)
Mission (1890-1920)
Richardsonian Romanesque (1880-1900)
Italian Renaissance (1890-1930)
Bungalow (1890-1940)
Tudor (1890-1940)
Prairie (1900-1920)
Neoclassical (1900-1940)
Pueblo Revival (1905-present)
Art Deco (1920-1945)
International (1920-1945)
Art Moderne (1930-1945)

Sources Cited

Phillips, Steven J. Old House Dictionary. Washington, DC: The Preservation Press, 1994.