How to Read Buildings (2008)

Contents

Building Types

A Grammar of Style

Materials

Columns & Capitals

Arches

Roofs & Gables

Vaults

Domes

Towers

Doors & Porches

Windows

Stairways

Chimneys & Fireplaces

Ornament

  • Human Figure: Caryatid, Head stop, Cupid, Herm, Atlas
  • Animal Form: Bucrania, Beak head, Claw feet, Grotesque, Sphinx
  • Foliage: Acanthus leaf, Crocket, Foliage trail, Naturalistic foliage, Arabesque
  • Floral: Anthemion, Rosette, Garland, Ball-flower, Fleur-de-lys
  • Geometric: Chevron, Meander, Diaper pattern, Egg-and-dart, Guilloche
  • Architecture as Ornament: Micro-architecture, String course, Console, Pediment, Canopy
  • Molding: Modillion, Scotia and torus, Bead-and-reel, Chamfer, Egg-and-dart
  • Decorative Object: Cartouche, Armorial display, Obelisk, Strapwork, Urn

 

Glossary

acanthus
aisle
all’antica
altar
ambulatory
antefix
anthemion
antiquity
apex
applied
apse
Arabesque
arcade
arch
architrave
ashlar
astragal
atlas
atrium
attached
attic
balcony
baluster
bargeboard
Baroque
base
basilica
battlement
bay
bce
beam
Beaux Arts
bell tower
bellcote
biforate window
blind
blind arcade
bond
boss
bow window
brace
bucrania
bust
buttery
buttress
caisson
came
canopy
canted
cantilever
capital
cartouche
caryatid
casement window
ce
cella
cement
chamfer
chapel
chevron
choir
Chrismon
cladding
clapboard
Classical
clerestory
closer
coffering
colonette
colonnade
column
concrete
conoids
console
corbel
Corinthian
cornice
cottage orne
crenellation
cresting
crocket
crossing
cruciform
cupola
curtain wall
cusp
Cyclopean masonry
cyma reversa
Decorated
dentil molding
diaper
Diocletian window
Doric order
dormer
double-hung window
dovecote
Dravidian architecture
drip molding
dry stone wall
eared
eaves
egg-and-dart
elevation
embrasure
en delit
enfilade
engaged
entablature
exedra
façade
facet
fanlight
Federal
festoon
fielded panel
finial
Flamboyant
fleche
flue
fluting
flying buttress
framing
French door
fresco
frieze
gable
gallery
gargoyle
garland
Georgian
giant order
glazed
glazing bar
Gothic
Gothic Revival
Greek
Greek Revival
groin vault
grotesques
guilloche
half-timber
hall
hammerbeam
head stop
hearth
heraldic
heraldry
hipped roof
historiated
hood molding
IHS
imbrex
infill
Ionic
jamb
jetty
joist
keep
keystone
lancet
lantern
lesene
lierne
light
lintel
loggia
louver
lozenge
lucarne
lunette
machicolation
mantel
mantelpiece
mask
mason
masonry
meander
medieval
metope
micro-architecture
minaret
modernist
modillion
molding
mortar
mortise
mosaic
motif
mouchette
mullion
muntin
naos
narthex
naturalistic
nave
Neoclassical
newel
niche
Norman
obelisk
oculus
oeil-de-boeuf
ogee
opisthodomos
opus reticulatum
orders
oriel
Palladian
Palladian window
palmette
paneling
parapet
pedestal
pediment
pelmet
pendentive
peristyle
perpendicular
picturesque
pier
pilaster
pillar
pinnacle
pitch
plan
plaster
plate glass
plinth
podium
polychrome
porch
portal
portico
post
purlin
putlog hole
putto
quatrefoil
Queen Anne
quoin
rafter
Renaissance
render
respond
reveal
rib
ridge
riser
Rococo
Roman
Romanesque
rotunda
roundel
rubble
Rundbogenstil
rustication
sash window
scagliola
scotia
scriptorium
scroll
semidome
serlian window
shaft
shingle
shutters
siding
soffit
spandrel
spire
splay
spolia
springer
squinch
stained glass
stall riser
steeple
story
strapwork
string
stringcourse
stucco
stylized
stylobate
subdome
surround
tas-de-charge
tegula
temple
tenon
terrace
tierceron
torus
tourelle
tower
trabeated
tracery
transept
transom
tread
trefoil
triforium
triglyph
trumeau
Tudor
tufa
turret
Tuscan
tympanum
valance
vault
Venetian arch
Victorian
villa
volute
voussoir
weatherboarding
weathervane
webbing
wing

Sources Cited

Cragoe, Carol Davidson. How to Read Buildings: A crash course in architectural styles. New York, NY: Rizzoli, 2008.