American Houses (2004)

Glossary

Adam Style
adobe
aggregate
airhole
American Style
anchor plate
antebellum
arcade
arch
architrave
Art Deco
Art Moderne
Art Noveau
Arts and Crafts Movement
ashlar
ballflower
balloon framing
baluster
balustrade
band
banister
bargeboard
barn framing
Baroque
basket-handle-arch
bas-relief
batten
battered wall
battlement
Bauhaus
bay
bay window
beam
bearing wall
Beaux-Arts
belt course
belvedere
bent
black-and-white
blind arch
board-and-batten
bond
bond course
bousillage
bracket
Bracketed Style
breast
brick veneer
broken pediment
bull’s eye window
bungalow
buttery
buttress
cabin
camelback
canales
cantilever
Cape Cod house
capital
Carpenter Gothic
cartouche
casa
casement window
castellate
Catslide
center-passage plan
chamber
chamber chamber
chamfer
Chateauesque
chinking
Churringueresque
clapboard
Classical architecture
Classical orders
Classical revivals
clerestory
collar tie
colonette
Colonial Revival
colonnade
column
Composite order
corbeling
Corinthian order
cornice
cornice return
cortile
course
coursed masonry
Craftsman
crenel
crenelated
Creole
cresting
cross gable
Cross House
crow step
cupola
curtain wall
curtains
cushion capital
dentil
dependencies
diapering
Dog-Trot house
doorjamb
Doric order
dormer
Double House
Double-Cell house
double-hung window or sash
Double-Pen
double-pile
dovecote
Dutch bond
Dutch Colonial
Eastlake
eave
eclecticism
Ecole des Beaux-Arts
Egyptian Revival
elevation
Elizabethan
ell
engaged column
English bond
entablature
entresol
eyebrow
eyebrow window
façade
fanlight
Federal Style
fenestration
festoon
fieldstone
finial
Flemish bond
fluting
foliated
frieze
front-gabled
gable
gable end
gable front
gable front-and-wing
gable roof
galerie
gambrel roof
garconniere
gargoyle
Garrison
gauged brick
Georgian
Georgian Revival
Gothic Revival
great house
Greek Revival
hacienda
half-timbered
hall
hall chamber
Hall-and-Parlor, Hall-and-Chamber House
hand-hewn
head
header
header course
hearth
hewn
hipped roof
hoodmold
hyphens
I house
International
Ionic order
Italian Renaissance Revival
Italian Villa
Italianate
jacal
Jacobean
jamb
Jeffersonian Classicism
jerkinhead
jetty
joist
keystone
lantern
latillas
leaded glass
lime
living hall
Lombard
loophole
Mansard
masonry
massing
medallion
mezzanine
midden
Miesian
Mission
Moderne
molding
Monterey
mortar
mortar joint
mullion
muntin
Neoantique
Neoclassical
nogging
Octagon house
ogee
one-over-one
onion dome
open cornice
open pediment
orders
organic architecture
oriel
overdoor
oxeye
palisade
Palladian
Palladian motif
Palladian window
panel door
paneled
parapet
parapet gable
parlor
passage
patio
pattern book
pavilion
pavilion roof
pebbledash
pedestal
pediment
pendant
pent
pent eave
penthouse
pergola
piazza
Picturesque Movement
pier
pilaster
pile
pineapple
pinnacle
pipe rail
pit sawn
pitch
placita
plantation
plate
plaza
porch
porch chamber
portales
porte-cochere
portico
post
post-and-beam
post-in-the-ground
postmedieval
poteaux-en-terre
poteaux-sur-sole
Prairie School, Prairie Style
puddled adobe
pueblo
Pueblo Revival
puncheons
pyramid roof
Queen Anne
quoin
rafter
raised panel
rake
raking or raked cornice
ramada
relief
Renaissance revival
ribbon window
Richardsonian Romanesque
ridge beam
riven
Roman arch
round arch
rubbed bricks
running bond
rustication
Saddle Bag
saddle notch
Saltbox
sash
scrollwork
scupper
Second Empire
section
segmental arch
semicircular arch
Serlian motif
shake
shed dormer
shed roof
Shingle Style
shiplap
Shotgun House
side-gabled
sill
Single House
soffit
soldier
soldier course
Spanish Colonial
Spanish Colonial Revival
Spanish Pueblo Revival
spindlework
Steamboat Gothic
stick chimney
Stick Style
Stone-Ender
stoop
story-and-a-half
Streamline Moderne
stretcher
stretcher course
string course
stucco
stud
superstructure
swag
swan neck
Swiss Chalet
tabby
temple form
temple front
Territorial
Territorial Revival
thatched roof
timber frame
top plate
tracery
transom
transom light
trefoil
Tudor arch
Tudor Revival
Turkish dome
turret
Tuscan
Tuscan order
tympanum
valley
veneer
Venetian motif
Venetian window
veranda
verge
vergeboard
vernacular
vertical plank frame
Victorian
Victorian Gothic
viga
villa
wainscoting
wall dormer
water table
wattle-and-daub
weatherboard
Welsh chimney
Western frame
wigwam
wing
wrought nail
wrought-iron work
wythe
zaguan
zapata

Source Cited
Foster, Gerald. American Houses: A Field Guide to the Architecture of the Home. New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004.