Cape Cod House Style
1600s – 1950s. The Cape Cod house style originated in New England in the late 17th century. Today, the term refers to one-and-a-half story homes popular in the United States during the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s.
1830-1862. Antebellum is not a style so much as an era. These grand plantation homes reflect the wealth and power of plantation owners in the American South prior to the Civil War.
Victorian Gothic House Styles
1840-1880. These buildings feature arches, pointed windows and other details borrowed from medieval Gothic cathedrals. Included are facts and photos for Gothic Revival, Carpenter Gothic and High Victorian Gothic architecture.
Folk Victorian House Styles
1870-1910. Just plain folk could afford these no-fuss homes, using trimwork made possible by mass production.
Beaux Arts House Styles
1885- 1925. Swags, medallions, flowers, balustrades, balconies, grand stairways and other lavish features characterize this style, reserved for grandiose public buildings and homes for the very rich.
Ranch Style Homes
1935 – Present. The rambling, no-nonsense Ranch styles became dominant in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s. If you live in the suburbs, there’s a good chance your home is a Western Ranch, American Ranch, or California Rambler.
Raised Ranch (Split Level) House Styles
1935 – Present. A traditional Ranch Style house is only one story, but a split level, “Raised Ranch” house has room to grow. A finished basement with large windows creates extra living space below, while a raised roof leaves room for bedrooms above.
1965 – Present. Rebelling against minimalist modernist architecture, Postmodern houses tend to give the impression that anything goes – the impossible is not only possible, but exaggerated.
1965 – Present. Decorative details borrowed from the past and selected from a construction catalog create a mixture that can be difficult to define.
Late 20th century. Monolithic domes and the innovative geodesic dome technology pioneered by Buckminister Fuller.
Pueblo and Pueblo Revival Styles
Prehistory – Present. Inspired by the simple adobe structures built by ancient tribes, comfortable, eco-friendly pueblo style homes are especially practical in dry climates. Traditional pueblo architecture dates back to the dawn of history; Pueblo Revival houses became popular in the early 1900s and are still a favored style in the southwestern regions of the United States.
Use this architecture dictionary to find definitions and pictures for important
words related to architecture and building design.
Need more help? Look under More Resources for more architecture words and
Arts and Crafts
board and batten (board-and-batten)
Coffee House Modern (see Googie)
compressed earth block (CEB)
Craftsman (see Arts and Crafts)
custom home builder
Doo-Wop (see Googie)
fiber cement siding
Neoclassical / Neo-classical
Populuxe (see Googie)
production home builder
professional building designer
rammed earth construction
Space Age (see Googie)
straw bale construction
traditional neighborhood development (TND)
About.com, Architecture Glossary, http://www.about.com/library/bl-glossary.htm.
Last accessed: December 13, 2009.